The Beginnings Of The Cold War

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  • Created by: debbz123
  • Created on: 25-05-15 18:09
Allie Against Hitler
Hitler was a common danger, untied Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill, didn't trust each other, strategic alliance
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Thirty Years Earlier (1917)
After the Communists took control in 1917 they faced a civil war, American and British troops were sent to fight the Communists, This made Stalin wary of the others
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Ten Years Earlier
Relations between Britain and the USSR were damaged by the policy of Appeasement
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Democracy, Capitalist, World's wealthiest country, Thought that being free was more important than equality, Believed everyone should be run like this, Opposed to Communism, Saw their policies as 'doing the right thing'
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Communist, One-party dictatorship, Economic superpower but lower standard of living, Unemployment was rare and extreme poverty was rarer than in the USA, Believed Communism should spread, Opposed to Capitalism
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The Yalta Conference
February 1945, Ukraine, Germany was losing so they met up, Stalin Roosevelt and Churchill
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Yalta Agreements
Stalin would enter the war against Japan once Germany had surrendered, Germany would be divided into four parts, Punish war criminals, Countries allowed to hold free elections, Would join the UNO, 20 million Soviets died so sphere of influence
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Yalta Disagreements
Poland, Stalin wanted the border of the USSR to move into Poland and said Poland could move into Germany, Churchill persuaded Roosevelt because the Red Army had control as long as the USSR would not interfere in Greece
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Potsdam Conference
July-August 1945, after the war in Europe was won
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Differences between Potsdam and Yalta
Stalin's army were occupying most of Eastern Europe and set up a Communist government in Poland, America had a new president on 12 April Roosevelt died and Truman took over Truman was more anti-Communist, The allies tested the atomic bomb on 16 July
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Disagreements at Potsdam
Disagreed over Germany, Disagreed over reparations, Disagreed over Soviet poilicy in Eastern Europe
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The 'iron curtain'
Potsdam ended without agreement, Over the next nine months Stalin achieved domination over eastern Europe, Churchill described it as an 'iron curtain' and it stuck
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Stalin Tightens His Control
With Communist governments throughout Eastern Europe Stalin tightened his control, the secret police imprisoned anyone who opposed Communism, In October 1947 Stalin set up the Communist Information Bureau where leaders regularly went to Moscow
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When Germans retreated in 1944 Communists and Monarchists fought, in 1945 Churchill sent British troops who helped the King, In 1946 USSR said to UN the troops were a threat, was ignored, Civil war developed 1947 Britain left and Truman stepped in
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The Truman Doctrine
The USA was prepared to end money, equipment and advice to any country that was threatened by Communism, Containment
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The Marshall Plan
Believed that Communism succeeded when people faced poverty, found that Europe owed the USA $11.5 billion, Marshall suggested that $17 billion would be needed, Generous of American people, Motivated by American self-interest,Stalin did not like it
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Changed American views, in March 1948 anti-Soviet leaders were purged, Jan Masaryk was found dead under his window, Congress accepted the Marshall plan
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Why Did The Soviet Union Blockade Berlin
The Allies combined their zones in 1946, Changed the currency in 1948 and was recovering, Stalin felt it was provocative, June 1948 Stalin blocked supply lines to Berlin, Allies air-lifted supplies, May 1949 Stalin reopened it
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North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, formed in April 1949
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Card 2


Thirty Years Earlier (1917)


After the Communists took control in 1917 they faced a civil war, American and British troops were sent to fight the Communists, This made Stalin wary of the others

Card 3


Ten Years Earlier


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