The 4th Crusade

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1. Explain why participants went on 4th Crusade? Examples

  • After Richard died, they didn’t want to fight for John
  • wanted to stay 2 years in the Holy Land
  • To heal Great Schism (again)
  • It was v. easy to disappear in the middle ages
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2. Explain why young Alexius caused the diversion? Example

  • Made promises he could not keep eg – money and men
  • ordered 85,000 marks for ships and refused to pay it anyway
  • secretly planned to gain Egypt as well as the Holy Land
  • There was a lack of funding due to stupid church income tax,

3. Why Byzantium+West were so hostile towards each other c1200

  • West not also felt hostile towards Byzantium and their culture
  • Bohemond handed over the city of Antioch in 1098,
  • Byzantium seen as cultural elite+West “shaggy haired axemen”.
  • Byzantium were the real Christians.the West weren't followed.

4. Explain why a crusade was launched 1198? examples

  • People would rather pay others to fight for them
  • Were more devoted to feudal lords and Kings
  • Temporary breakdown in Treaty of Jaffa,Succession crisis HRE
  • After Richard died, they didn’t want to fight for John

5. Explain why pope Innocent III called the 3rd Crusade?

  • Nobody wanted to stay 2 years in the Holy Land
  • Some were still pious
  • Assert his authority, To unite all Christians under his rule
  • Pope’s way of recruiting meant there were other options instead

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