THE 2nd Crusade and impact 1140-1180

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1. How important was lack of clear aims? Examples

  • discovery of the Holy lance by Peter Bartholomew raised morale
  • Antioch,June 1148,Council of Palmarea,decided it would be better to attack Damascus
  • Byzantine government representative, provided guides until Antioch.
  • Got tricked by the Muslims – greedy, mostly died
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Other questions in this quiz

2. How far was failure the responsibility of Franks of outremer? Examples

  • When the Crusaders attacked Damascus in July 1149, it was Nur ad Din the people turned to for help.
  • Close co-operation between Greeks and crusaders during siege of Nicaea.
  • Ever since death of prophet Muhammad, there was a split in the religion
  • Siege of Jerusalem: Godfrey of Bouillon succeeded in dismantling

3. Why was Edessa captured 1144?

  • Count Steven of Blois–wife Adela deeply religious.She made him go.
  • County of Edessa so isolated and northerly.With least amount of population living in it.Relief dispatch took about 4 weeks to get there
  • Bishop Adhemar Le Puy–close friend+keen supporter of pope.
  • Count Hugh of Vermandois–brother of King Phillip of France.

4. Why did Pope Eugenius call 2nd Crusade?

  • Quantum Praedecessores emphasised the family traditions of crusading
  • Tatikios withdrew February 1098, June 1098 – Alexios withdrew!
  • Alexios makes leading lords swear oath of loyalty to him
  • “Stand fast together, trusting in Christ and the victory of the Holy Cross” was their motto

5. Why was Byzantium hostile to crusaders

  • Pope Urban described Jerusalem as “the land of milk and honey”
  • Bohemond becomes ruler of Antioch, not Alexios
  • Crusaders younger sons who wouldn’t inherit family land went
  • Reform movement, areas in France Pope Urban visited


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