The Western/Prayer Book Rebellion

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When was the Western/Prayer Book Rebellion?
1549
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Where did the discontent begin?
Cornwall
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What was the cause of the Rebellion?
Cornish people feared that the Act of Uniformity was going to be imposed on them. Rose in rebellion.
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What/when was the First Book of Common Prayer?
Published on the day the Act of Uniformity was passed- January 15th, 1549. big impact- got rid of Latin Mass. Only legal services were to be those in English provided in the new Book of Common Prayer, issued with Act of Uniformity
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Where did they set up their camp?
Bodmin
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Who were the mainleaders of the Rebellion?
Local clergy. They began to draw up a series of articles listing the demands to stop the religious changes.
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Where was there an independent uprising?
Devon at Sampford Courtenay.
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When did Devon and Cornwall join forces?
20th June at Crediton. Set up an armed camp at Clyst St Mary.
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What happened when local negotiations broke down?
Blockaded the nearby town of Exeter with an army of 6000 men.
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Who came to crush the Rebellion? When was it crushed?
Lord Russell. He was hamperred by a shortage of troops and a local gentry support. Humphry Arundell crushed the rebellion in August.
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What were the demands of the rebels?
To restore the Act of the Six Articles, to restore the Latin mass images, to resotre old traditions like holy water and bread, restore concepts of transubstantiation and return of Cardinal Pole from exile.
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Who were the demands rejected by?
Cranmer
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Assessing the Prayer Book Rebellion.
The rebels knew little of protestant or Catholic doctrines. West Country- much of the laity were still strongly attached to practices of the old Church.
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What other factors caused the Prayer Book Rebellion?
Social tension in the heart of the brellion, rebels considered the gentry to be their enemies. Lord Russell., reffered to the unfaoir exploitation of the commons by the local landowners. Secondly the sheep tax.
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What was the sheep tax?
Formally known as the Poll Tax and Census of Sheep.March 1549 Parliament granted Edward VI the proceeds of a tax on sheep coupled with a purchase tax on cloth. Shortest lived tax in English history, repealed in January 1550.
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Why did the Census of Sheep affect peasants?
there were rumours that geese and pigs would be taxed too. There were grievances about inflation. Landowners paid for sheep- they raised their rents, people couldn't even afford shelter.
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Why was Somerset pressuring others to contain the Prayer Book Rebellion?
Because he was distracted with the war in France. This was why the Rebellion was allowed to reach so far.
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Aftermath?
5000 rebels killed (10% of the male population in Cornwall)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Where did the discontent begin?

Back

Cornwall

Card 3

Front

What was the cause of the Rebellion?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What/when was the First Book of Common Prayer?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Where did they set up their camp?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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