The Welfare State

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Why did WWII have such a large effect on the rise of the welfare state?
Because of the "total solutions" that the War prompted, the revelation of children moving from slums to more well-off areas and the government's belief that the war was being fought for a "better world". Popular and Governmental Opinion Aligned here.
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What impact did the NHS have?
It opened up the way for Britons to receive global improvements. It caused unexpected expense but also united the country and provided necessary provisions. Led to a rise in dependency in the British culture. Exposed fallacies of welfare provision.
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How did education change 1945-79?
In 1960-79, debate about whether comprehensive (un-academically based selection process) should replace tripartite. Some LEAs already had rejected tripartite. Crosland Circular 1965 called for universal comprehensive. 1966 extra funds - comprehensive
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How did university education change?
Growing belief in higher education influencing economy. Rise from £1m Funds to 80m Funds 1919-62. 4% in 1962 in uni education.
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What did the 1960s Robbin Report entail?
Number of state-funded unis increased from 22 to 46. Baby Boom from WWII growing into adults. Increased funding (Universal National Grant). Equality of Opportunity promoted.
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What are some arguments for comprehensive education?
Grammar Schools were 3x Richer - did not promote equality as promised by 1944 Buttler. Comprehensive Education helped reform run-down moderns. Only 2% of people who failed 11-plus test stayed in school till 17. Favored middle class. Public approval.
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What are some arguments against comprehensive education?
Grammar Schools produced excellent students. Split seen as opportunity for working class to advance with bright kids. 1975 caused many grammar to go independent due to forcing to become comprehensive by govt. Rise of more private schools.
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What policies showed Labour's endeavours to enforce the Beveridge Report?
Family Allowance Act 1945 provided mothers with payment for looking after children. National Insurance Act 1946 provided pensions, benefits. Industrial Accidents Act 1948 covered injuries. National Assistance Act 1948 provided finance for vulnerable
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Card 2

Front

What impact did the NHS have?

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It opened up the way for Britons to receive global improvements. It caused unexpected expense but also united the country and provided necessary provisions. Led to a rise in dependency in the British culture. Exposed fallacies of welfare provision.

Card 3

Front

How did education change 1945-79?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

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How did university education change?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did the 1960s Robbin Report entail?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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