The Weimar Republic, 1918-29

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The Treaty of Versailles - Who put the Treaty together?
On 11th November 1918, the Allied leaders - David Lloyd George (Britain), Georges Clemenceau (France) and Woodrow Wilson (United States) - drew up the peace treaty.
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The Treaty of Versailles - What did the Treaty involve?
The Germans were given 15 days to respond to the treaty. It said Germany had to accept the blame for starting the war, pay reparations to the victorious nations and agree to reductions in Germany's armed forces and territory.
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The Treaty of Versailles - The terms of the Treaty
Germany had to repay reparations to the Allies: in 1921, reparations were fixed at 136,000 million marks (£6600 million).
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The Treaty of Versailles - The terms of the Treaty
Germany lost all its colonies: Germany's 11 colonies in Africa and the Far East were given to the victorious nations as 'mandates' - territories to look after.
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The Treaty of Versailles - The terms of the Treaty
German military forces were cut: The army was limited to 100,000 (to be used internally only). The navy was limited to 6 battleships, 6 cruisers, 12 destroyers and 12 torpedo boats. No submarines were allowed and the rest of the fleet was destroyed.
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The Treaty of Versailles - The terms of the Treaty
The Rhineland was demilitarised - the German army were not allowed to enter the Rhineland which bordered France.
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The Treaty of Versailles - The terms of the Treaty
1) Alsace and Lorraine were lost to France. 2) Eupen and Malmedy were lost to Belgium. 3) Posen and West Prussia were lost to Poland. 4) Upper Silesia voted to become part of Poland.
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The Treaty of Versailles - The terms of the Treaty
Altogether, Germany lost; about 13% of its European territory. Also about 50% of its iron and 15% of its coal reserves.
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The Treaty of Versailles - the "November Criminals"
The politicians who signed the treaty were known as the "November Criminals". The treaty therefore has lasting effects on Germany. It weakened the popularity of the Weimar Republic; it caused lasting political protest and it harmed Germany's economy.
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Card 2

Front

The Germans were given 15 days to respond to the treaty. It said Germany had to accept the blame for starting the war, pay reparations to the victorious nations and agree to reductions in Germany's armed forces and territory.

Back

The Treaty of Versailles - What did the Treaty involve?

Card 3

Front

Germany had to repay reparations to the Allies: in 1921, reparations were fixed at 136,000 million marks (£6600 million).

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Germany lost all its colonies: Germany's 11 colonies in Africa and the Far East were given to the victorious nations as 'mandates' - territories to look after.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

German military forces were cut: The army was limited to 100,000 (to be used internally only). The navy was limited to 6 battleships, 6 cruisers, 12 destroyers and 12 torpedo boats. No submarines were allowed and the rest of the fleet was destroyed.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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