The Use and Abuse of drugs

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  • Created by: jfawdon26
  • Created on: 12-03-16 12:32
What is the definition of a drug?
A drug is a chemical substance that changes chemical reactions in the body
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What is the definition of a withdrawal symptom?
A withdrawal symptom is a physical effect that occurs when the person becomes addicted to a drug and then does not take it. This is because the change in the chemical reaction in the body has stopped occurring.
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What are the 3 main types of drug?
Medical, recreational and performance enhancing
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What do steroids do?
Increase muscle growth
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What do stimulants do?
Increase heart rate
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True or false, all performing enhancing drugs are illegal?
False, some can be legally perscribed over the counter, some are banned by law, but ALL of banned by sporting bodies
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What do stantins do?
Lower the risk of heart and circulatory diseases
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What is the definition of a control group?
The control group is defined as the group in an experiment or study that does not receive treatment by the researchers and is then used as a benchmark to measure how the other tested subjects do.
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Is cannabis a legal or illegal drug?
Illegal
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What does the smoke in cannabis do to the body?
It contains chemicals that can cause mental illnesses in some people.
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What is stage 1 of the drug trials?
The drug is tested on cells and tissues.
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What is stage 2 of the drug trials and what does it test for?
Stage 2 is testing on live animals in the lab to test for the toxicity and optimum dosage of the drug.
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During the clinical trials (stage 3) the drug is given to healthy volunteers first. Why?
To see is there are any negative health effects of the drug.
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During the clinical trials, the drug is given to patients with the disease after being given to healthy patients. Why?
Tested on patients with the disease to find the optimum dosage.
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Definition of a placebo?
A substance that looks like the drug but does not contain any of the drug given to a few of the patients.
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What is the placebo effect?
When some volunteers in the clinical trial believe that they feel better even when they have been given the placebo just because their mind is playing tricks on them- they expect to feel better, therefore they think they do.
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What is a double-blind trial?
When, in the clinical trials, neither the doctors nor the patients know who has got the placebo.
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What was thalidomide originally tested for?
Tested to be sleeping pill.
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What was irresponsibly used for?
As a cure for morning sickness.
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What did this cause?
Limb abnormalities in the offspring
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What is it used for now?
To cure leprosy.
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What does the misuse of illegal recreational drugs sometimes cause?
Negative impacts on the heart and circulatory system.
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What health effects does smoking have?
Causes disease in the heart, lungs (can cause lung cancer) and blood vessels.
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What health effects does alcohol have?
Short term; affects nervous system, can cause unconsciousness. Long term; can affect liver and brain.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the definition of a withdrawal symptom?

Back

A withdrawal symptom is a physical effect that occurs when the person becomes addicted to a drug and then does not take it. This is because the change in the chemical reaction in the body has stopped occurring.

Card 3

Front

What are the 3 main types of drug?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What do steroids do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What do stimulants do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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