the spine

give 7 functions of the spine
protect the spinal cord
1 of 48
stabilise the thorax
movement in all directions
2 of 48
support the head, shoulder and rib cage
force transfer
3 of 48
shock absorb
attachment for muscles and ligaments
4 of 48
how many vertebrae in: the neck
7
5 of 48
thorax
12
6 of 48
lumbar region
5
7 of 48
sacrum
5
8 of 48
kyphosis is spine curvature in which direction
concave anteriorly
9 of 48
where in the spine has kyphosis
thoracic and sacro-coccygeal
10 of 48
which 2 curves are secondary curves
cervical and lumbar - lordosis
11 of 48
what is scoliosis
lateral curvature of the spine
12 of 48
what joins the vertebral arch to the vertebral body
the pedicles
13 of 48
what joints to make the spinous process
the lamina
14 of 48
what shape is the body
oval
15 of 48
where do the nerves run
in transverse foramen in trans. processes
16 of 48
what do the facets allow
45' angle for axial rotation and lateral bending
17 of 48
c1 is what bone and what characteristics
atlas - no body or spinous process
18 of 48
c2 is what bone with what charateristiscs
axis - normal but with ens process
19 of 48
transverse costal facets allow what
articulation with the ribs
20 of 48
how is body shaped
heart with circular foramen
21 of 48
spinous process shape
long, sloping down
22 of 48
what do the facets allow
rotation mostly
23 of 48
what is their main function
weight bearing
24 of 48
spinous process shape
flat
25 of 48
foramen shape
triangular
26 of 48
facets allow what movement
lock for stability and flexion/extension
27 of 48
sacral vertebrae S1-S5 (fused)
articulate with innominates
28 of 48
coccyx is what
3-5 fused bones
29 of 48
articulation between intervertebral is what joint type
amphiarthrotic
30 of 48
vertebral facet articulations are what type
non-axial diarthrotic
31 of 48
intervertebral discs are made up of what
annulus fibrosus (outer ring) and nucelus pulposus (elastic ball)...... 80% water
32 of 48
anterior longitudinal
limits extension
33 of 48
posterior longitudinal
limits flexion
34 of 48
ligamentum flavum
limits flexion
35 of 48
interspinous ligaments
limits flexion
36 of 48
supraspinous ligmaments
limits flexion
37 of 48
intertransverse ligaments
limit lateral flexion
38 of 48
cervical muscles causing flexion
longus capitis and colli, scalenus, sternoleidomastoid, supra and infra-hyphoids
39 of 48
thoracic and lumbar muscles causing flexion
rectus abdominus, psoas major, external and internal abdominal obliques,
40 of 48
muscles causing extension
splenius capitus and cervisis (cervical), erector spinae, semispinalis, 6 deep muscles
41 of 48
(extension) - erector spinae. 3 branches are
iliocostalis, longissimus and spinalis
42 of 48
iliocostalis
outside muscle, lumbar, thoracic, cervical
43 of 48
longissimus
middle - thoracic, cervical and capitis
44 of 48
spinalis
inner muscle - thoracic and cervical
45 of 48
(extension) semispinalis
thoracic, cervical and capitis
46 of 48
(extension) what are the 6 deep muscles
mutlifidis, rotatores (longus and brevis), interspinalis, intertransversus, levator costae (longus and brevis)
47 of 48
muscles causing lateral flexion exclusively
levator scapulae, quadratus lumborum
48 of 48

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

stabilise the thorax

Back

movement in all directions

Card 3

Front

support the head, shoulder and rib cage

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

shock absorb

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

how many vertebrae in: the neck

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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