The Sixties 1964-1970 (Harold Wilson)

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Why did Labour win the general election?
No longer a divided party, living conditions had been poor under the Conservatives, 13 wasted years, EEC failure, promised an electorate representative of ''New Britain''.
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Who was Roy Jenkins?
Wilson's Home Secretary.
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What was interesting about Wilson?
He was from a lower middle class background.
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What happened in 1966? (Not a policy)
Wilson called an election and managed to increase his majority. He was the first post-war PM to increase his majority.
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What did the 1966 election promise?
National Plan (developed by George Brown): Department of Economic Affairs, steel nationalisation, national transport plan, regional planning, planned growth of incomes, Ministry of Social Security, 500,000 new homes.
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How many days did Britain lose to strikes in 1960?
3 million.
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How many days did Britain lose to strikes in 1970?
10 million.
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When was the Seaman's Strike?
1966
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When was the Docker's Strike?
1967.
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When was the devaluation of the £?
1967
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What did the devaluation of the £ entail?
Sterling was devalued from $2.80-$2.40 - a reduction of 14%.
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What was the percentage of unemployment?
2% (but it was slowly growing).
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What was the budget deficit that Wilson inherited (1964)?
£800 million
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When was the National Plan abandoned?
1967
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When did Wilson approach the IMF for a loan?
1967 (despite Britain having borrowed £1 million 10 years earlier).
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How did Wilson climb out of the recession?
He raised taxes and cut government spending.
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Which speech did Wilson make to prevent panic buying?
''The £ in your pocket''...
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What was ''In Place of Strife?''
A White Paper introduced to bring the unions under control and reduce strikes. It was never passed into government as the Unions were angered and Labour member Barbara Castle, was absent during negotiations.
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When was the Race Relations Act(s)?
1965 and 1968 respectively.
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What did the Race Relations Act entail?
Outlawed racial discrimination. Landlords could no longer refuse to rent accommodation to black people.
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When was the Commonwealth Immigration Act and why did it conflict with the Race Relations Act?
1968, the Commonwealth Immigration Act attempted to stem the flow of immigration from Commonwealth countries.
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When was the Abortion Act?
1967
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When was the Sexual Offences Act passed?
1967
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When was the Theatres Act passed and what did it entail?
1968 - removed censorship of theatre productions and saw controversial performances such as ''Hair''.
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When was the Divorce Reform Act?
1969
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When was the Abolition of the Death Penalty?
1969
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What did the education reforms entail?
Wilson introduced new universities such as Kent, Essex, Warwick, York and East Anglia as well as the Open University.
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What was significant/lead to ''the teenager'' in the 1960's?
The introduction of television shows such as Top of the Pops were a breath of fresh air for the young generation. New social groups such as ''mods'' and ''rockers'' were also popular and became a target for manufacturers.
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Were teenagers liberal or did they keep the same views as their parents?
For most teens, their new social experience was just a phase and they still held the same Conservative views as their parents.
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When did Top of the Pops first appear on TV?
1964.
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Which clothing item showed a change in attitudes?
The mini skirt.
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Who were important youth icons in the '60's?
Twiggy, the Beatles, and the Rolling Stones.
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Where were social changes constricted to?
London - Carnaby Street, Abbey Road and Piccadilly Circus.
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When was the Dagenham Strike?
1968
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What did the Dagenham Strike show?
A progression towards female equality.
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What was the famous speech made by Enoch Powell?
''River of Blood'' speech in 1968
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How was the speech described?
''Racist in tone''
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How many people agree with Enoch Powell?
72%
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What did Denis Healey announce in 1967 (foreign policy)?
Decolonisation East of Suez.
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What happened in Rhodesia in 1965?
President Ian Smith declared UDI with a white minority government.
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When did Britain attempt to join the EEC again?
1965
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What contributed to Labour's downfall?
Devaluation, failure to join the EEC, failure in Rhodesia, gender inequality, racism, failure of the National Plan, failure of In Place of Strife.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who was Roy Jenkins?

Back

Wilson's Home Secretary.

Card 3

Front

What was interesting about Wilson?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What happened in 1966? (Not a policy)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did the 1966 election promise?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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