The Self Core Theory

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Humanistic Theory of the Self
Humanists put a lot of emphasis on people as individuals
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Main humanistic ideas
1. we each have the power to decide our own actions. 2. Focus on the present not the past 3. All motivated to become the best that we can.
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Self concept:how we percieve ourselves
Self concept changes as we develop. Young children will describe how they look. Older children will say what they are good and bad at adults describe their traits.
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Self Esteem:how much we value ourselves
We measure our self esteem by measuring the gap between our self concept and our ideal self.
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Ideal self: The person we strive to be
When someone's self concept closely matches their ideal self they will have very good self esteem.
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Unconditional Positive regard;love without conditions
A positive way to improve someone's self esteem
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Self actualization:our inborn drive to fulfil our potential
Maslow's hierarchy of needs that have to be met in turn before we can self-actualise.
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Criticisms
Humanistic theory is subjective by its very nature. The ideas are difficult to measure. It is not very scientific. The theory is difficult to test. Humanists focus too much on the individual. They ignore social learning and other theories.
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An alternative theory :Trait theory
Developed by Eysenck. Extroversion and neuroticism. Good traits consist of, thoughtfulness, easy going reliable etc. Bad traits consist of being, moody, unsociable, aggressive, impulsive etc.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1. we each have the power to decide our own actions. 2. Focus on the present not the past 3. All motivated to become the best that we can.

Back

Main humanistic ideas

Card 3

Front

Self concept changes as we develop. Young children will describe how they look. Older children will say what they are good and bad at adults describe their traits.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

We measure our self esteem by measuring the gap between our self concept and our ideal self.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

When someone's self concept closely matches their ideal self they will have very good self esteem.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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