The Second Reich 1900 - 1918

By 1900, Germany's 'what' were the largest in the world?
Trade Unions
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The SPD's vote rose from 'what' to 'what' from 1887 to 1912?
0.03% rose to 28%
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Name a Right Wing pressure group.
The Pan German League, The Agrarian League, etc.
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How much did the German economy expand between 1890 and 1914
4.5% per year
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Germany's 'what' was equal to that of Britain?
Share of world trade
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How much of the world's electrical goods did Germany produce by 1913?
50%
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What was Germany the world leader in?
Chemicals, electrics, pharmaceuticals
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What percentage of the GNP did industry contribute, risen from 33%
42%
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What percentage of the population lived in urban areas by 1910?
60%
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By 1913, how many people were part of trade unions?
3 million
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What were some negative social developments?
Increased overcrowding and homelessness
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What were some positive social developments?
Low unemployment and higher average wage
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When was the daily telegraph affair?
1908
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What was the daily telegraph affair?
Offensive things the Kaiser said about the Brits were published in the daily telegraph. The German public were very angry and the Kaiser was made to promise the Reichstag that he would not make pronouncements.
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What did the daily telegraph affair show?
That the Reichstag could sometimes control the Kaiser
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When was the Bugetary Crisis?
1906
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When was the Hottentot election?
1907
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What was the Bugetary crisis and the Hottentot elections?
SPD and ZP joined forces to vote against the budget, and the Kaiser dissolved the Reichstag. Elections were held next year where the SPD lost seats and imperialist parties were strengthened
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What did the Hottentot elections show?
That the Kaiser had a lot of power and would use it to further political motives
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When was the Zabern Affair?
1913
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What was the Zabern Affair?
German soldier in Zabern made derogatory comments about the locals and nothing happened. Tensions rose when same solder acquitted of assault by military jury. Vote of not confidenc in Bethmann, but Kaiser kept him on.
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What did the Zabern Affair show?
That the military had great power, and that the Kaiser could ignore the Reichstag
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What evidence is there of Germany being and Autocracy?
The Kaiser could dissolve the Reichstag, could appoint the Chancellor and the army and the chancellor were accountable only to him
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What evidence is there of German being run by the Conservative elites?
Conservative pressure groups had a lot of power, the Reichstag had no pay so mainly rich people, the Kaiser was a Prussian conservative
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What evidence is there of Germany being a democracy?
The Reichstag was democratic, all men over 25 could vote, Reichstag could reject legislation, press could criticise the Kaiser
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What was the economic impact of WW1?
£8.4 million cost, only 16% was met by taxation, food shortages, money was printed
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What was the political impact of WW1?
At the start the parties were unified, the Kaiser said that "I know no parties anymore, only Germans". However later it was split, the left wanting an end to the war
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What was the social impact of WW1?
Two million dead soldier, living standards fell 20-30%, British blockade led to food shortages
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The SPD's vote rose from 'what' to 'what' from 1887 to 1912?

Back

0.03% rose to 28%

Card 3

Front

Name a Right Wing pressure group.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How much did the German economy expand between 1890 and 1914

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Germany's 'what' was equal to that of Britain?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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