The scientific method

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What are empirical methods?
Gained through direct observation or experiment. Aims to collect facts. Can prove theories to be true through direct testing.
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What is objectivity?
Not effected by expectations of the researcher. To be objective = carefully control condition. (lab)
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What is replicability?
Repeating an experiment to gain similar results - more reliable if collected by a different person. Scientists must record procedures so it can be repeated exactly.
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What is theory construction?
A theory must be constructed to make sense of the facts. Theory = collection of general principles to ex[plain observations and facts.
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Whats is hypothesis testing?
How theories are modified. How the validity of a theory is tested. If a scientist fails to find research to support the hypothesis then the theory needs modifying. Can be done through falsification = attempting to prove something wrong.
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Card 2

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What is objectivity?

Back

Not effected by expectations of the researcher. To be objective = carefully control condition. (lab)

Card 3

Front

What is replicability?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is theory construction?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Whats is hypothesis testing?

Back

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