the role of the father

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  • Created by: IvyVega
  • Created on: 09-05-18 12:35
primary attachment usually with mothers but sometimes both.
Schaffer and Emerson (1964) found that the majority of babies became attached to their mother first. in only 3% of cases the father was the first sole object of attachment. in 27% of cases the father was the joint first object of attachment.
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75% eventually form secondary attachments with father.
in 75% of infants studied an attachment was formed with the father by the age of 18 months. this was indicated by the fact the infants protested when their father walked away, a sign of attachment.
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Attachment with mother most related to teen attachments
Grossmann (2002) carried out a longitudinal study looking at parents behaviour and its relationship to the quality of children's attachments into their teens. this research found that quality of attachment with the father was less important.
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fathers' play is more important
the quality of fathers play with infants was related to children's attachments. this suggests that fathers have a different role in attachment, one that is more to do with play and stimulation and less to do with nurturing.
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fathers can be primary caregivers.
field(1978) filmed 4 month old babies and found that primary caregiver fathers, spent more time smiling, imitating and holding infants. suggests when fathers do take on the role of being the main caregiver they adopt behaviours, more typical mothers
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level of response is more important
smiling, imitating and holding infants are behaviours that appear to be important in building an attachment with an infant. so it seems the father can be the more nurturing attachment figure.
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strength 1- important economic implications
mothers feel pressured to stay at home because of research that says mothers are vital for healthy emotional development. this research may be of comfort to mothers who feel they have to make hard choices about not returning to work.
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limitation 1- fails to provide clear answer for fathers and attachment
the answer could be related to traditional gender roles, in which woman are expected to be more caring and nurturing than men. therefore fathers simply dont feel they should act in a nurturing way.
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limitation 2- social biases prevent objective observation
preconceptions about how fathers behave are created by common discussions about mothers and fathers parenting behaviour. these stereotypes may cause unintentional observer bias whereby observers see what they expect rather than recording actual life.
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Card 2

Front

in 75% of infants studied an attachment was formed with the father by the age of 18 months. this was indicated by the fact the infants protested when their father walked away, a sign of attachment.

Back

75% eventually form secondary attachments with father.

Card 3

Front

Grossmann (2002) carried out a longitudinal study looking at parents behaviour and its relationship to the quality of children's attachments into their teens. this research found that quality of attachment with the father was less important.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the quality of fathers play with infants was related to children's attachments. this suggests that fathers have a different role in attachment, one that is more to do with play and stimulation and less to do with nurturing.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

field(1978) filmed 4 month old babies and found that primary caregiver fathers, spent more time smiling, imitating and holding infants. suggests when fathers do take on the role of being the main caregiver they adopt behaviours, more typical mothers

Back

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