The Role of the European Union

  • Created by: Blodwyn
  • Created on: 30-07-17 17:44
When and why were the foundations of the EU created?
At the end of the second world war with the intention of promoting strong trading links between countries so as to reduce the likelihood of further conflict
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List 3 roles of the European Union
To promote economic & social progress, To assert its identify on the international scene through implementation of a common foreign and security policy, To develop close co-operation on justice and home affairs
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List the 3 main institutions of the EU
The European Parliament, The Council of the European Union, The European Commission
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Define the structure of The European Parliament (Who is in it?)
Directly elected members and an elected president
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List 3 roles of The European Parliament
Legislate on most issues jointly with the Council, Exercise democratic supervision of other EU institutions, Control the EU budget (shared with the council)
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Define the structure of The Council of the European Union (Who is in it?)
One member from each member states who usually meets in Brussels
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The Council of the European Union has two types of meetings, what are these?
A general council meeting composed of the foreign ministers of each member state, A special council meeting composed of the national ministers with special responsibility for the subject under discussion
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List 3 roles of the Council of the European Union
Legislate jointly with the European Parliament, Co-Ordinate the broad economic policies of the member states, Approve the EUs budget jointly with the European Parliament
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Define the structure of the European Commission
The commission is a politically independent body
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Define the structure of The European Commission (Who is in it?)
Commissioners from member states who are appointed by their member state in consultation with the European parliament. The president is nominated by the member states in consultation with the european parliament.
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List 3 roles of The European Commission
Propose legislation to Parliament & Council, Manage and Implement EU policies and the budget, Enforce European Law jointly with the European Court of Justice
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List the 4 legal instruments in EU Law
Treaties, Regulations, Directives & Decisions
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Define the term treaties as it relates to EU Law
A treaty is a formally conducted and ratified agreement between states. Treaties are also known as primary european community legislation and are directly applicable to member states.
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Define the term Regulations as it relates to EU Law
Regulations apply directly to the intended target. There is no requirement to assimilate them into national laws. European Regulations prevail over national law.
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Define the term Directives as it relates to EU Law
Directives contain objectives which are binding on member states but the method of implementation is left to national law.
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Define the term Decisions as it relates to EU Law
Addressed to specific organisations, authorities and individuals to tackle particular issues. They are directly binding on them.
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What is the main procedure for enacting EU Legislation?
The Ordinary (Co-Decision) Legislative Procedure
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Define the role each of the 3 main institutions have in The Ordinary (Co-Decision) Legislative Procedure
The procedure involves all 3 institutions and is an arrangements designed to achieve consensus between the Council and European Parliament. The Commissions role is to propose legislation and give its opinion at various stages of the process.
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Define the first process of The Ordinary (Co-Decision) Legislative Procedure
After extensive consultation the commission proposes legislation. These are reviewed by the European Parliament who amend it. This is reviewed by the Council. This is known as the first reading & each can make amendments
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Define the second process of The Ordinary (Co-Decision) Legislative Procedure
If the institutions cannot agree at the first reading there is a second reading. Amendments may be made but the proposal can fail because the European Parliament has power to reject all of the Councils amendments made at the first reading.
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Define the third process of The Ordinary (Co-Decision) Legislative Procedure
If the institutions still fail to agree on the amendments made it goes further to a concilation phase. This is where a joint european parliament & council committee is formed to work out a joint text together. They then undertake a final reading.
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Define the main role of The European Court of Justice
To ensure that EU Law is interpreted and applied the same way in each member state. The court has power to settle disputes between EU institutions, member states, Where there is a conflict between EU Law & National Law EU law takes precedence
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Define the structure of The European Court of Justice
Consists of Judges appointed from member states who are assisted by eight advocates-general.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

List 3 roles of the European Union

Back

To promote economic & social progress, To assert its identify on the international scene through implementation of a common foreign and security policy, To develop close co-operation on justice and home affairs

Card 3

Front

List the 3 main institutions of the EU

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Define the structure of The European Parliament (Who is in it?)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

List 3 roles of The European Parliament

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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