The Respiratory System

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  • Created by: Jess.Haff
  • Created on: 31-01-17 19:47
What is the Nasal Passage?
Air enters the body through the Nasal Passages during normal breathing.
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What is the Larynx?
Air passing over the Larynx produces sounds for speaking.
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What is the Epiglottis?
The Epiglottis is a flap of cartilage that sits beneath the tounge that closes over the Trachea while you're eating to prevent food entering your airways.
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What is the Trachea?
Air passes down the Trachea to the lungs. The Trachea is a flexible tube, stiffened by rings of cartilage.
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What are Bronchus?
The Trachea splits into two bronchi, carrying air to each of the lungs.
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What are Bronchioles?
The Bronchi split into smaller tubes called Bronchioles that distribute air to the alveoli.
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What are Alveoli?
Air eventually reaches millions of tiny air sacs in the lungs called alveoli. Their walls are so thin that gases can pass through.
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What do the Ribs do?
The Rib cage protects the lungs, but is mobile enough to allow the chest to expand and contract during breathing.
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What are the Intercostal Muscles?
The muscles between the ribs help your chest to expand when you breathe in.
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What is the Diaphragm?
This is a sheet of muscle under the lungs. It contracts and mives down to expand the chest cavity when you breathe in.
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What is Oxyhaemoglobin?
Haemoglobin combines with oxygen in the lungs to form a bright red chemical called Oxyhaemoglobin. When the blood gets to a place where oxygen is needed Oxyhaemoglobin releases its oxygen.
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What is breathing rate?
Sometimes called Respiratory Rate, is the frequency of breathing measured in breaths per minute. Normal breathing rate at rest is approx. 12 breaths per minute.
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What is Tidal Volume?
The amount you breathe in and out in one normal breath.
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What is Minute Volume?
The volume of air you breathe in one minute.
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What is Vital Capacity?
The maxium volume of air you can breathe out after breathing in as much as you can.
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What is Residual Volume?
The amount of air left in your lungs after you have breathed out as hard as you can.
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How can you calculate someones Minute Volume?
Minute Volume = Volume of air someone breathes in one breath x their respiratory rate
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the Larynx?

Back

Air passing over the Larynx produces sounds for speaking.

Card 3

Front

What is the Epiglottis?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the Trachea?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are Bronchus?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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