The Renal System

passes filtrate through to the bowan's capsule and prevents large molecules passing.
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Bowman's Capsule
Passes fultrate from the glomerulus through to the tubule
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Proximal Tubule
Specialised cells that allow uptake of essential nutrients
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Distal Tubule
Tightly coiled and surrounded by capillaries
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Loop of Henle
allows movement of water into blood and salts from urine into medulla
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Collecting Duct
Allow water in urine to flow into the medulla and back into the blood if the body is becoming dehydrated
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Kidney Failure- Causes
Build up of calcium, not drinking enough, inactive lifestyle, injury
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Kidney Failure- Effects
increased levels of urea in the blood, poor absorption of calcium, fever, yellow- brown skin discolouration
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Kidney Failure- Physical Effects
effects on mobility, decreased immunity, fever, high blood pressure, nausea, vomitting, loss of appetite, yellow- brown skin discolouration
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Kidney Failure- Intellectual Effects
Not understanding the overall causes, limited understanding of the disease process and its effects, effects on work, effects on education, lack of concerntration
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Kidney Failure- Emotional Effects
Bullying, Fear of condition, low self-esteem, frustration due to constraints on lifestyle, appreciates the value of own life and those around them, lack of empowerment
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Kidney Failure- Social Effects
unable to have a normal social lifestyle, unable to attend education or working activities without feeling inadequate
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Two types of diagnostic techniques
Blood test and urine test
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Blood Test- The procedure
taken from vein in the arm or leg using a syringe and needle and is examined in a laboratory
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Blood test- measuring
The number and variety of red/ white blood cells, presence of bacteria, presence of substances, the pH, urea levels, creatinine levels, ammonia levels
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Urine Test- The procedure
Patients is asked to wee in a cup and the doctor examine the contents
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Urine test- measuring
The amound of red/ white blood cells, presence of bacteria, presence of substances, the pH, the concerntration of the urine
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Types of treatment
Haemodialysis and Kidney Transplant
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Haemodialysis- procedure
uses a man-made membrane to remove wastes, such as urea, from the blood and restore the proper balance of electrolytes in the blood
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Kidney Transplant- procedure
surgeon makes an incision in the abdomen and places the new kidney above the pelvic brim and connected to the iliac vessels. The ureter is then connected to the bladder so that urine can drain away.
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Kidney Transplant- Problems
Shortage of donors, anixety, depression, short notice if organ becomes available, surgical risks
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Bowman's Capsule


Passes fultrate from the glomerulus through to the tubule

Card 3


Proximal Tubule


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Distal Tubule


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Loop of Henle


Preview of the front of card 5
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