The Reception of the Greek World

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  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 29-12-16 01:41
Based on Oxford in 1993, what is the definition of reception?
"The understanding that classic texts are not only moving targets but changing targets"
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What three things describe what the reception of the Greek world is?
-How we and others recieve the Ancient world, -How the discipline of Classics has formed and developed, -Explores the idea that was classic/ classic literature and the ancient world is changing to match the present,
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What are the four reception topics?
-Imitation, -Inspiration, -Adaptation, -Translation,
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For intertextuality and inspiration, what is intertextuality?
The idea of creative imitation and deliberate allusion and interaction with another work,
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What kind of work can be used to imitate the Ancient world and an example?
Art work, -To show the ideal body form of the Ancient world,
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How might the reception of the Greek world inspire now?
-Poets writing in the same meter as the Ancients, -Using a particular topic the Ancients were interested in, -Even specific political ideals came from the Ancient world,
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Out of the four, what is the most common form of interaction with the Ancient world and how so?
Translation- The author makes a dialogue with the Ancient world by translating it into a modern language,
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Does translation work word for word?
No it requires interpretation- also to convey slang and nuance,
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Therefore why is translation still adapting?
As authors have different preferences on what to emphasise as there are many different ideas and thoughts about how best to present the language,
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For the case study of Alexander the GReat, where are most of his sources from?
The Romans,
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Who are the four Roman sources which inform us of Alexander the GReat?
Diodorus, -Quintus Curtius Rufus, -Plutarch, -Arian,
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Where was Diodorus from and when?
-Sicily, -40s BC
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When was Quintus Curtius Rufus writing in Rome?
50s AD
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When was Plutarch writing in Greece?
100AD
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When was Arian writing in Greece?
150AD,
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How do these Roman sources portray him?
No black and white. He is presented as a myth and legend, people love him and hate him- THere is no middle ground,
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For Alexander Romance, when was the original version suspected to be from, but when is the main copy from?
Initial version- 200BC, -250AD
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Are there variations of Alexander ROmance?
Yes and in many different languages: Latin, American, Syriac, Early French, Early English etc.
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How does it present Alexander?
As a historical myth rather than a historical legend,
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How does it present his as a historical myth?
It has realist historical elements mixed with the fantastical and bizarre, -Myth included about him meeting with the Amazonians,
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In Alexander Romance, Who has Alexander been depicted with who are Indian based and what do they discuss?
The Gymnosophists or the Naked Philosophers, -He discussed the 'Universe' with them,
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What is the function of showing this?
It shows he is not just a blood thirsty leader who destroys everything but he is a debater and philosopher who will meet to discuss intellectual ideas with foreigners,
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Is this an accurate source?
Bias- For every fictional tale of him being a hero there is one showing he is a villain, -Other historical sources don't mention this,
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However, how does the Alexander ROmance show adaptation?
AS the Alexander Romance and other stories that come after it feature these meetings,
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For Alexander in Late Antiquity, what is Late Antiquity?
The Post-Classical world, pre-medieval so around 300AD-800AD
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What are the two historical sources from here?
Alexander ROmance III.26 -Qur'an 18.83-98
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What story does the Alexander Romance III.26 depict?
The defeat of Gog and Magog,
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Where are these creatures based from mythically?
Creatures from Jewish myth who were originally giants,
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What could this story be based on realistically?
Alexander defeats a list of 'unclean people' when on the Caspian Sea he sets up massive iron gates to stop the Isibians,
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In the Qur'an how is Alexander referred to and why?
The Two Horned One due to the standard image of Alexander wearing a helmet with two horns, or representation to the Devil,
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What story from the Qur'an is similar to the Gog and Magog myth?
Dhul- Qanayn
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For Medieval receptions, what are four other sources about Alexander the Great?
Alexandreis, -The Canterbury Tales, -The Dictes and Sayings of the Philosophers -Shahnameh: The Book of Kings
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Who wrote Alexandreis and when?
Walter de Chatillon, -12th century
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What is Alexandreis?
It is a Latin epic poem
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Who wrote the Canterbury Tales and when?
-Geoffrey Chaucer, -late 14th century
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Which Tale does alexander the Great feature in?
The Monk's Tale
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Who printed 'The Dictes and Saying of the Philosophers' and when?
Craxton, -1477
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What was it originally translated from and what other languages were it translated to?
originally from French, -Translated to Arabic, Spanish, Latin,
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How many entries were about Alexander the Great?
23
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What is so significant about the Dictes and Sayings of the Philosophers?
It is the first book known to have been printed in England
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Who wrote Shahnameh: The book of Kings and when? How long did it take him to write it?
Ferdowsi, -1000AD, -35 years,
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Wht was Shahnameh and what does it entail?
It was an epic poem, -It covers 7000 years of Persian history,
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How is Alexander depicted here?
Alexander is seen as brutal and an invader ruining the lives of the original leaders there, and so a villain,
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What are two other ways Alexander the Great's myth circulated in the Medieval world?
-French courrly romances, Mixtures of Alexandrian and Arthurian legends,
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For the modern reception of Alexander the Great, who are the three main authors?
Mary Renault, -Tom Holt, -Valerio Massimo Manfedi
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What did Mary Renault write in 1969, 1972 and 1981?
An Alexander triology, 1969- Fire from Heaven, 1972- THe Persian Boy, -1981- THe Funeral Games
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What did TOm Holt write and when?
Alexander at the World's End, 1999
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What did Valerio Massimo Manfredi write in 1998?
'Alexander trilogy' -Child of a dream 1998, -Sands of Ammon 1998, -Ends of the Earth 1998
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For films on Alexander, what is the earliest directed by who from United Artisits?
1956 Alexander the Great, -R.Rossen,
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When was the next film named Alexander the Great filmed and who was it directed and screened by from th MGM TV?
-1963, -Directed bt P.Karlson, -Screened by R.Pirosh
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When is the latest 'Alexander' film created which was screened and directed by who rom Warner Bros?
-2004, -Oliver Stone,
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How many versions are available now?
4 different versions as he was never quite happy with it,
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What was the first version and its response?
The Cinematic version wasn't that popular,
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When was the next version created? What was it called and how did it change?
-2005, -Director's Cut, -Retold the story in a linear fashion and changes the dating system, and also cuts down the amount of homosexual scenes,
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What was the next version created and how did it change?
The Final Cut, -Introduced non-linear story line, which meets both versions half way by including both dating and time sytems, and inserts lots of new material,
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However, how long is this version?
4 hours,
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What is the last version created? When was it created and how did it change?
2012, -The Ultimate Cut, -3 hours long as alot was cut out
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What has there been debate about over Alexander between who?
There is contested ownership betwen Greece and macedonia over the ownership of his character and figurehead,
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What are the claims from both?
Arguably both own his figure head but it caused tension, -The capital of Macedonia has a massive status from Alexander and their flag is based on Macedonian Greek symbols, and airport named after him,
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Card 2

Front

What three things describe what the reception of the Greek world is?

Back

-How we and others recieve the Ancient world, -How the discipline of Classics has formed and developed, -Explores the idea that was classic/ classic literature and the ancient world is changing to match the present,

Card 3

Front

What are the four reception topics?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

For intertextuality and inspiration, what is intertextuality?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What kind of work can be used to imitate the Ancient world and an example?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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