1. What is the superego?
- Develops at around the age of 18 months and is the rational part of the personality. It's designed to balance the personality.
- Develops at around four years of age, and derives from the morality principle and is the “can’t have” part of the personality, which is made up of two components: the conscience and the ego ideal.
- The primitive part of the personality, often described as the biological component of the mind, as it is the one we are born with, which works on the pleasure principle and is the demanding aspect of our personality, which always wants our desires.
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2. What is a weakness of the theory of psychosexual stages?
- His development of psychoanalysis was particularly useful in the treatment of those with neuroses.
- The concepts are not measurable and therefore cannot be tested.
- The case studies were objective as they didn't require interpretation.
3. What is eros?
- The instinct for self-preservation and sexual energy, which leads to arousal.
- The death instinct; provides energy to inhibit eros.
- Energy that never increases or decreases; sexual energy.
4. At what age does the Latency period occur?
- Around the age of about 5 years old.
- Starts at puberty.
- Lasts from birth to around 18 months.
- Lasts from 18 months to around 3 years old.
5. What is a strength of the theory of psychosexual stages?
- Freud provided some new treatments to patients with mental health problems, which were otherwise unavailable – his development of psychoanalysis was particularly useful in the treatment of those with neuroses.
- His theory was unique to the individual and their life.
- The concepts are measurable and therefore are scientific.
- The case studies required personal interpretation.
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