The Psychodynamic Approach Quiz

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  • Created by: Danni
  • Created on: 19-05-16 09:58

1. What is the adult character if fixation occurs in the phallic stage?

  • Either anal-expulsive OR anal-retentive.
  • Reckless, vain, proud, and possibly incapable of loving another person.
  • Either envious, pessimistic and sarcastic OR optimistic, admiring and gullible.
  • Fixation cannot occur.
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2. What is denial?

  • When someone denies a traumatic event has occurred and acts as though nothing has happened, protecting the individual from unhappy or unacceptable thoughts.
  • Keeping thoughts in the unconscious mind so that they are not remembered, as they are not allowed inside the conscious.
  • When somebody deals with having unacceptable thoughts by saying that they are somebody else’s thoughts.

3. What is the adult character if fixation occurs in the genital stage?

  • Reckless, vain, proud, and possibly incapable of loving another person.
  • Fixation cannot occur.
  • Relationship problems can occur, according to Freud, which includes the development of homosexuality.
  • Either anal-expulsive OR anal-retentive.

4. What is the superego?

  • Develops at around the age of 18 months and is the rational part of the personality. It's designed to balance the personality.
  • Develops at around four years of age, and derives from the morality principle and is the “can’t have” part of the personality, which is made up of two components: the conscience and the ego ideal.
  • The primitive part of the personality, often described as the biological component of the mind, as it is the one we are born with, which works on the pleasure principle and is the demanding aspect of our personality, which always wants our desires.

5. What is a weakness of Freud's defence mechanisms?

  • The concept of defence mechanisms cannot be tested scientifically, as the DV is not operationalised.
  • There are everyday examples of all of the above defence mechanisms in real life.
  • They are objective as they do not require interpretation.

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