The Process of Socialisation

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What did Talcott Parsons claim about socialisation?
It is the process in which humans learn and internalise their culture, norms and values
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What did he claim about these beliefs, values and behaviours?
They are appropriate to their relevant culture and their society becomes internalised and part of personality development
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What are the three stages to socialisation and what do they include?
Primary- immediate family & children learn the beliefs and values of the family; Secondary- child learns from wider society; tertiary- adult socialisation when you adapt to a new situation
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What two elements of socialisation did Parsons claim there were and what do they mean?
Formal- the deliberate manipulation by authorities through rules; Informal- more random process of learning by observing others around you
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What are the five aims of primary socialisation?
The ability to do things; Desire to do things; Ability to survive; Learn social roles; To think and interact with others
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What does habitus describe?
The social situation where we feel most at home and comfortable
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What did Pierre Bourdieu suggest about the family?
Most family members belong to the same social backgrounds and ethnic groups
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What does the family teach us?
Social attitudes, norms and values
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What are the four ways in which the family passes on socialisation?
Imitation, Role models, Sanctions, Expectations
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What did Parsons believe about marriage?
It performs a vital function for society and the individual
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What was marriage and the family viewed as?
A stabiliser of adult personalities
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What was the male and female roles in the family viewed as?
Male- instrumental (earn money); Female- expressive (look after people's emotional wellbeing)
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What do children have to learn when they move out of the family?
New sets of behaviours in order to fit in with a larger society
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How do sociologists regard peer groups?
People who are the same age and status as you
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What did Opie & Opie research and what did they find?
Early friendships and found that children often have a street culture in which adults were excluded
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What is peer pressure?
The process in which young people change or modify their behaviour to fit in with that group
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What are the two processes of education passing on culture?
Formal (deliberate) and Informal (unknowingly)
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How does the formal curriculum deliver knowledge of culture to children?
Through timetabled lessons and subjects
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What does the influential nature of facts do to young children's mind?
They embed in their minds and they don't question whether it is right or wrong
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What did Althusser say about education?
"It exists to teach children that an unfair society is perfectly acceptable"
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What is the hidden curriculum?
The set of values and beliefs that are implicit in textbooks, rules, uniforms and the daily 'routine' of school
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What is British society based on?
Christian values
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Who came up with collective conscience and what does it mean?
Emile Durkheim; It is impossible to have any social life without a set of socially accepted shared values and norms
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What did Erikson say about parental faith?
Children sometimes have little or no choice but to adopt their parent's faith
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What is the media claimed to be linked to?
Youth violence
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Who claimed that there is a direct link between watching violence and violent play in children?
Bandura
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What did Ritzer (1973) say about fast food chains?
Workers were being trained to not show initiative
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What does homogenises mean?
Everyone acts in the same way
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Card 2

Front

What did he claim about these beliefs, values and behaviours?

Back

They are appropriate to their relevant culture and their society becomes internalised and part of personality development

Card 3

Front

What are the three stages to socialisation and what do they include?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What two elements of socialisation did Parsons claim there were and what do they mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the five aims of primary socialisation?

Back

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