The Problem of Evil

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Define natural evil
Evil outside of human control.
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Give three examples of natural evil.
Earthquake, cancer, tsunami.
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Define moral evil
Evil which humans are responsible for.
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Give three examples of moral evil.
Rape, genocide, bullying.
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Explain the Epicurean paradox.
God willing but unable to prevent evil = not omnipotent. God able but unwilling = not omnibenevolent. God able + willing = why is there evil?
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Who created the inconsistent triad?
J.L Mackie
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Explain Mackie's inconsistent triad.
God = omnipotent + omnibenevolent, yet evil exists
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Define theodicy
An attempt to justify the existence of God in spite of the existence of evil and suffering.
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What was the Latin phrase that Augustine used to describe evil, and what does it mean?
Privatio boni - a privation of good
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How did Augustine believe evil came into the world?
Through fall of man/angels
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What quote does Augustine use to show God creating the world as perfect?
"God saw all that he had made, and it was very good." - Genesis 1:31
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How does Augustine believe evil can be reversed?
By accepting God
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Give one strength of the Augustinian theodicy.
Accounts for occurrence of natural evil
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Give one weakness of the Augustinian theodicy.
Modern science shows humanity as evolving rather than falling from grace
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What is another name for the Irenaean theodicy?
Soul-making theodicy
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What Bible quote does Irenaeus use to show that there are two stages to the creation of human beings?
"Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness." - Genesis 1:26
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What did Irenaeus think it meant for humans to be created "in [God's] image"?
Humans share certain characteristics w/ God - intelligent, moral beings
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What did Irenaeus think it meant for humans to develop into "[God's] likeness"?
Our moral natures develop to be like His
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Define universal salvation
The belief that everyone goes to Heaven when they die in order to reach perfection
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Give one strength of the Irenaean theodicy
Evil justified through role of Heaven
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Give one weakness of the Irenaean theodicy
Does suffering always result in moral growth?
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What does John Hick believe would happen if God could intervene whenever anyone acted immorally?
Human nature undermined.
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What does Swinburne believe makes a world involving death better at bringing about God's purposes?
Death limits the amount of suffering one person can have inflicted on them
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Define epistemic distance
God is hidden, allowiing humans to respond to him however they want
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Explain the free will defence
God had to allow suffering into world as a consequence of allowing free will
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Give one criticism of the free will defence
Why didn't God make beings who act freely but always do good?
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What is process theology?
Theology which says God isn't outside time, can't force people to behave in ways that compromise free will
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Give one criticism of process theology.
Inconsistent w/ Bible teachings - God not omnipotent
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Earthquake, cancer, tsunami.

Back

Give three examples of natural evil.

Card 3

Front

Evil which humans are responsible for.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Rape, genocide, bullying.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

God willing but unable to prevent evil = not omnipotent. God able but unwilling = not omnibenevolent. God able + willing = why is there evil?

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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