The Problem of Evil

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  • Created by: ElizaJack
  • Created on: 10-02-16 21:27
Give a quote from Hick about evil.
"Evil is a perpetual burden of doubt for the believer and an obstacle to commitment for the unbeliever."
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How does Swinburne define moral evil?
"The evil constituted by deliberate actions or negligent failure."
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What is Leibniz's idea of metaphysical evil?
The inevitability of evil due to limitations of man.
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How does Hick define suffering?
"The state of mind in which we wish violently or obsessively that our situation were otherwise."
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What does theodicy mean in Greek?
Justification for God's righteousness.
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Give a quote about the world from Genesis.
"it was very good."
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How does Augustine define evil as the privation of good?
privato boni
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Who thought that the possibility of evil and of hell upholds God's benevolence by giving man free will?
Plantinga
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Who thought malfunction of perfection is contradictory?
Schleiermacher
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Outline the semantics argument.
Calling evil the privation of good does not diminish the experience of pain.
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How does Whitehead describe God?
"God is the fellow sufferer who understands."
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What biblical picture is in accordance with process theodicy?
The suffering God in Jesus Christ in Romans.
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How is God justified in beginning the universe and evolution?
Produces enough good to outweigh the bad.
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Why is process theodicy controvercial?
Qualifies the nature nature of God.
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Who thinks this offers no comfort?
Phillips
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What is Mackie's inconsistent triad based on?
The work of Epicurus.
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When was Hobbes writing?
The English Civil War
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Give a quote from Leviathan.
"The life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short."
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Whose thought of evil (or hamartia) as a privation rather than a force in its own right.
Aquinas.
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What caused disharmony in nature?
Free will estranged angels and humans.
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How can humans achieve deification?
Choose God over baser instincts.
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What is a benefit of knowledge of evil?
Prompted to help others.
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Give a quote from Swinburne about character-building.
"We would never learn the art of goodness in a world designed as a complete paradise."
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What are the pros and cons of predictability in the world?
Often come into conflict with human life, but allow them to use it to their advantage.
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Give a quote from the Bible about punishment.
Jeremiah "Should the children's teeth be set on edge because the Fathers have eaten sour grapes?
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What is a downside to Irenaeus's contention that everyone goes to heaven?
Unjust
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How are humans free to love God?
Free will.
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How does Swinburne think our suffering is limited?
Our capacity to feel pain and lifespan.
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What is a panentheist view of God?
God and the universe are inextricably linked.
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What does Hick believe is necessary for development in his reformulation of Irenaeus's theodicy?
"moral and spiritual growth comes through responses to challenges.
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Why does faith becomes a virtue?
Due to the epistemic distance from God.
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What parable does Vardy present?
A King cannot demand the love of a peasant girl. "Love for God cannot be compelled".
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Give one criticism of the Free Will defence.
If God knows what choice we will make, he is guilty of tolerating evil. If he does not know, it limits his omniscience.
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What does Dostynevsky ask in his book 'The Brothers Karamazov?
Whether suffering is "too high a price" for free will.
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How does Moltmann justify the suffering of man?
God also suffered on the cross.
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Why is God only the initiator of creation?
Bound by the laws of nature and an imperfect world is better than none.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How does Swinburne define moral evil?

Back

"The evil constituted by deliberate actions or negligent failure."

Card 3

Front

What is Leibniz's idea of metaphysical evil?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How does Hick define suffering?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does theodicy mean in Greek?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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