The Nature Debate

HideShow resource information
What does Nature mean?
Genetic inheritance and other biological factors
1 of 18
What does the Nature Debate focus on?
It focuses on the influence of human behaviour
2 of 18
What physical characteristics are biologically determined by genetic inheritance?
Eye Colour, Skin Colour and Body Shape
3 of 18
There's a debate as to whether psychological characteristics are 'wired' in before a child is born or whether they are influenced by the environment, e.g.
Personality, mental health/illness, mannerism, emotions and language
4 of 18
What does Bowlby's theory of attachment explain?
The bonds between mother and child as being intimate
5 of 18
Chomsky's proposal that all language is developed through the use of an innate LAD also comes from...
a biological perspective
6 of 18
What is the nature perspective based on?
An assumption that all individuals have an inner 'biological clock' that determines when and at what rate physical development will progress
7 of 18
What was Gesell interested in?
Children's maturation
8 of 18
What approach did Gesell use?
The 'normative approach' to researching children
9 of 18
What did Gesell observe?
Large numbers of children to find the skills and abilities that most children have in each age group
10 of 18
What were Gesell's findings used to create?
They were used to create milestones (norms) for each developmental group
11 of 18
What did Gesell conclude?
That children move through development at their own pace, that development was predetermined and that the environment had little impact
12 of 18
What is delayed development?
Hereditary not environmental
13 of 18
Crirticism 1 of The Nature Debate
That it's not very helpful in explaining individual or cultural differences it for children with learning difficulties
14 of 18
What is positive reinforcement?
The behaviour is repeated because of personal satisfaction (intrinsic reinforcement) or rewards (extrinsic reinforcement)
15 of 18
What is negative reinforcement?
The behaviour is not repeated to avoid an adverse experience, such as a lack of satisfaction or to avoid being told off
16 of 18
What is Bandura's social learning theory based on?
An observation of learning which are influenced by observing the behaviour of others
17 of 18
Examples of Nurture
Interests, Hobbies and Friends
18 of 18

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does the Nature Debate focus on?

Back

It focuses on the influence of human behaviour

Card 3

Front

What physical characteristics are biologically determined by genetic inheritance?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

There's a debate as to whether psychological characteristics are 'wired' in before a child is born or whether they are influenced by the environment, e.g.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does Bowlby's theory of attachment explain?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Health & Social Care resources:

See all Health & Social Care resources »See all Understanding human behaviour and development resources »