The Multistore Model of Memory

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Who first described the MSM?
Atkinson & Shriffin.
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What is the MSM an explanation of?
How memory processes work.
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What are the 3 main components of the MSM?
Sensory memory; short term memory; long term memory.
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How is information passed from the sensory memory to the STM?
If attention is paid to it.
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What happens to information in the STM if it is not rehearsed?
Decays rapidly.
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How is information transferred from the STM to LTM?
Through maintenance rehearsal.
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AO2: Why is the MSM seen as a simplified model?
STM can be further subdivided into different stores (as the WMM suggests) + Schachter et al showed that LTM can be subdivided into different kinds of memory.
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Who supports the limited duration of the sensory store?
Sperling (1960)
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What case study supports distinctions between the STM & LTM?
HM (hippocampi were removed)
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What did Logie (1999) suggest?
STM relies on LTM and so it cannot come first as suggested in the model.
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Who supports Logie's suggestions?
Ruchkin - measured brain activity with real words & pseudo words.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the MSM an explanation of?

Back

How memory processes work.

Card 3

Front

What are the 3 main components of the MSM?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How is information passed from the sensory memory to the STM?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happens to information in the STM if it is not rehearsed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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