the knee

what type of joint is the knee
modified hinge (2 condyloid joints)
1 of 35
what movements are capable
flexion, extension, int/ext rotation
2 of 35
what are the 3 primary articulation
medial/ lateral tibiofemoral, patellofemoral,
3 of 35
what type of joint is the patellofemoral joint and where is it
saddle joint, sits in trochlea groove
4 of 35
what is the effect of it
improves the efficiency of the quadriceps
5 of 35
name the 4 ligaments of the knee
anterio and posterior cruciates, med/lat collaterals
6 of 35
name 2 other stabilising components
bursae and menisci
7 of 35
what movement is varus motion
knee adduction
8 of 35
what do the cruciates prevent
anterior posterior sliding of the tibia
9 of 35
where does the ITB band insert
lateral condyle of femur and lateral tuberosity of tibia
10 of 35
what s patella tracking
patella movement of ~ 7cm inferior/superiorly
11 of 35
vastus lateralis o
intertrochanteric line, inferior border of greater trochanter, lateral lip of linea aspera
12 of 35
i
lateral border of patella and patella tendon
13 of 35
a
extension
14 of 35
vastus intermedius o
upper 2/3 anterior surface of femur, linea aspera
15 of 35
i
upper border of patella and patella tendon
16 of 35
a
extension
17 of 35
vastus medialis o
intertrochanteric line, medial lip of linea aspera
18 of 35
i
medial border of patella and patella tendon
19 of 35
a
extension
20 of 35
rectus femoris o
anterior inferior iliac spine
21 of 35
i
superior border of patella and patella tendon
22 of 35
semimembranosis o
ischial tuberosity
23 of 35
a
hip flexion, knee extension, medial rotation
24 of 35
semitendinosis o
ishical tuberosity
25 of 35
i
pes anserinus
26 of 35
a
hip flexion, knee extension, medial rotation
27 of 35
popliteus o (unlocks knee for flexion via medial rotation of tibia)
posterior surface of lateral condyle of femur
28 of 35
i
upper posterior medial surface of tibia
29 of 35
gastrocnemius o
medial head - popliteal surface, above medial condyle of femur. lateral head - lateral condyle and posterior surface of femur
30 of 35
i
calcaneus
31 of 35
a
knee and plantar flexion
32 of 35
plantaris o
lateral supracondylar ridge of femur, oblique popliteal ligament
33 of 35
i
calcaneus
34 of 35
a
knee and plantar flexion
35 of 35

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

what movements are capable

Back

flexion, extension, int/ext rotation

Card 3

Front

what are the 3 primary articulation

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what type of joint is the patellofemoral joint and where is it

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what is the effect of it

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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