The Impact of the Great Depression on Germany

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Explain the Wall Street Crash had a negative impact on the Weimar Republic
Decrease in foreign investment -> Decrease in industry and employment -> Businesses lower prices to attract customers -> Fall in demand due to unemployment. Also: Higher tariffs to import and export; Can't pay reparations so can't get rid of war debt
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Why did the inflation of 1923 play a role in the slump?
The government were determined to avoid another crisis like 1923, so it influenced policies and voter behaviour
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What were the industrial effects of the Great Depression?
Trade fell; Mass Unemployment; Sharp decline in production; Agricultural income fell sharply and many farms were sold off; Banking sector was dislocated by loss of confidence; Many bankrupt businesses
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Why was the economic crisis not entirely the fault of the Wall Street Crash?
Even before the crash, the balance of trade was in debt and there were high unemployment rates in 1929. There was debt for farmers, government finances and businesses.
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What were the human effects of the Great Depression?
Unemployment; Human suffering; Widespread rural poverty -> many lost faith in the Weimar Republic
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Why did it lead to the collapse of the Grand Coalition?
National Opposition (e.g. NSDAP, Stahlhelm, Pan-German League, Leading industrialists); Internal divisions (Large deficit in National Insurance Scheme - SPD wanted more contributions, and DVP wanted less benefits); Greater NSDAP membership; Rally
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Why did it cause the 1930 election due to the actions of Bruning?
His handling of economic crisis caused a political constitutional crisis; Collapse of Danat bank; Emergency decree to turn some Junker Estates into 600,000 allotments --> landowners saw it as a threat to their property
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Why was the 1930 election so damaging for the democratic Weimar Republic?
The centre parties who were part of the government lost a lot of support, and extreme voting increased. This made it difficult for proper democratic parliamentary government to function.
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Why was the stability of the Weimar Republic rocked by the Young Plan?
The National Opposition drafted a 'Law Against the Enslavement of the German People' which gained popularity and stirred nationalists, uniting the right-wing against the WR.
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What % of the national vote did NSDAP poll in the May 1928 election?
2.6%
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What % of the national vote did NSDAP poll in the September 1930 election?
18.3%
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Why could the NSDAP be considered a Volkspartei by 1932?
It had a broad church of appeal.
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Card 2

Front

Why did the inflation of 1923 play a role in the slump?

Back

The government were determined to avoid another crisis like 1923, so it influenced policies and voter behaviour

Card 3

Front

What were the industrial effects of the Great Depression?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why was the economic crisis not entirely the fault of the Wall Street Crash?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the human effects of the Great Depression?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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