The immune system

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  • Created by: katyrm
  • Created on: 21-08-16 12:50
Antibodies
Immunoglobular proteins with 2 specific, identical antigen binding sites
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Monoclonal antibodies
Antibodies produced from a single group of B cells, isolated from the body, and harvested in a lab
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Neutrophils
Made in the bone marrow, found in tissue fluid
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Macrophages
Made in the bone marrow, fond in organs e.g. lymph nodes. Part of the specific response
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Antigens
Proteins on the surface of an organism that are recognised by the immune system as non-self and produce an immune response such as antibody production
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Vaccination
Artifical immunity, containing the appropriate disease antigens to stimulate antibody production. Can be administered via mouth or injection
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Herd immunity
When the majority of the population is vaccinated, meaning the disease will not likely spread
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Agentic variability
When a pathogen mutates and the immune system can no longer recognise the new antigens and won't be able to fight it
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Active immunity
Bodies own immune system reacts to an antigen by producing antibodies, direct contact with antigen. Can be passive/active
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Passive immunity
Introduction of antibody from another organisms immune system
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Natural active immunity
Immunity gained from being infected by a pathogen and producing it's own antibodies without any help
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Passive active immunity
Immunity gained from a vaccination. Immune response triggered without any symptoms arising
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Antibodies produced from a single group of B cells, isolated from the body, and harvested in a lab

Back

Monoclonal antibodies

Card 3

Front

Made in the bone marrow, found in tissue fluid

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Made in the bone marrow, fond in organs e.g. lymph nodes. Part of the specific response

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Proteins on the surface of an organism that are recognised by the immune system as non-self and produce an immune response such as antibody production

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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