the humanistic approach

  • Created by: IvyVega
  • Created on: 27-05-18 14:21
the concepts of free will is central
humanistic psychologists reject attempts to establish scientific principles of human behaviour. we are all unique and psychology should concern itself with the study of subjective experience rather than general laws.
1 of 9
maslow's hierarchy of needs has self-actualisation at the top
self-actualisation refers to the innate tendency that each of us has to want to achieve our full potential and become the best we can possibly be.
2 of 9
focus on the self
the self refers to the ideas and values that characterise i and me and includes perception of what i am and what i can do
3 of 9
the aim of therapy is to establish congruence between the self-concept and the ideal self
carl rogers argued that personal growth requires an individuals concept of self to be congruent with their ideal self.
4 of 9
parents who impose conditions of worth may prevent personal growth
issues such as worthlessness and low self-esteem have their roots in childhood and are due to a lack of unconditional positive regard from our parents.
5 of 9
the humanistic approach has had a lasting influence on counselling psychology
provide the client with three things: genuineness, empathy, unconditional positive regard. aim is to increase feelings of self-worth and reduce incongruence between the self-concept and the ideal self.
6 of 9
strength 1- portrays a positive image of the human condition.
humanistic psychologists have been praised for promoting a positive image of the human condition- seeing people as in control of their lives and having the freedom to change.
7 of 9
limitation 1- untestable concepts
humanistic psychology includes a number of vague ideas that are abstract and difficult to test. rogers did attempt to introduce more rigour into his work by developing the q-sort, an objective measure of progress in therapy
8 of 9
strength 2- more meaningful
humanistic psychologists reject any attempt to break up behaviour and experience into smaller components. they advocate holism. this approach have more validity.
9 of 9

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

self-actualisation refers to the innate tendency that each of us has to want to achieve our full potential and become the best we can possibly be.

Back

maslow's hierarchy of needs has self-actualisation at the top

Card 3

Front

the self refers to the ideas and values that characterise i and me and includes perception of what i am and what i can do

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

carl rogers argued that personal growth requires an individuals concept of self to be congruent with their ideal self.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

issues such as worthlessness and low self-esteem have their roots in childhood and are due to a lack of unconditional positive regard from our parents.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Approaches resources »