The GRA

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In the unreformed parlimentery system how many people could vote?
5% or around 400,000 out of 13.
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who was the typical voter?
A member of the landed elite
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Which pocket borough had 1 voter?
Old Sarum
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In pocket boroughs what was controled by the land owner?
the property of the voting tenents
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Who voted in corporation boroughs?
members of the town council
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how many MPs could be elected from each county?
2
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what proportion of electoral candidates were uncontested?
2/3
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"A lamb coped the Whig candidates supporters" what does this mean?
Lambs are gangs that coop, or kidnap opposition voters until after the election
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What does a canditate do in "treating" his supporters?
He gives them drink and accomodation?
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Was there a secrate ballot?
No
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what was significant about the BPU?
it comprised working and middle class members
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What is one example of a low democratic union?
NUWC of the National Union of the Working Class
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Why would the Unions in towns like sheffield be more polerized in terms of workers and emloyers?
They are more heavily cmoercilised towns
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What was Thomas Atwood drawn to the reform movment by?
He thought the economy would improve if the Industrialist middle classes had power in politics
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what contextual factors spurred on the reform movment?
1828 - 9 trade depression + poor harvests + swing riots
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The 1825 ammending act placed terrific restrictions on the trade unions, which publications supported these opinions?
Thomas Hodgskins 'Trades Newspaper' and John Doherty's 'voice of the people'
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What was one of the international prompts for reform?
a second French revelution in July 1830 + uprisings in Belgium and the Hapsburg empire
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Government instability was a major factor in reform - how did Wellington initialy alienate the canningites in 1828?
By refusing to transfer seats in the corrupt bourouhgs of Penryn and east redford to Birmingham and Manchester
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what strengthened Grey's Whigs in November 1830?
The support of the Ultras and the Canningites + William IV who was sympathetic to the Whig cause
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what were the months for the first three reform bills?
March, July December 1831
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What happened to the March reform bill?
It passed the Commons by 1 vote 302/301 but was amended at commitee against the Gov'ts wishes
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What happened to the July reform bill?
It passed the Commons by 136 votes but was Rejected by the Lords (still dominated by Tory Peers)
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When the third December bill met the same fate as the second what did Earl Grey do?
He asked William IV to create 50 new Whig peers, when he refused Grey resigned and the King invited Wellington to form an administration triggering the Days of May
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When wellingto failed to gain enough support to form a government what happened?
Grey returened as PM
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What convinced the Lords to back down in June 1832?
The Days of May - brought the country as close to revolution as it has been in modern history
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What did the Whigs have to gain from reform?
a voting qualification of £10 property value would admit to the ranks of voters the middle classes who sort to benefit from the Whig policies + destroy Tory controlled Rotten boroughs like Old Sarum
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How would the Reform Bill reduce the threat of revelution?
It would split the moiddle and working class alliance taking away the economic power wielded during the days of may
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What was the first stipulation to limit Middle class commercial influence seeping into county elections?
40s freeholders in newly enfranchised towns forfeited the right to vote in county elections if the their property qualified for the £10 qualification
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What was the Chandos amendment?
It enfranchised tenant farmers who were more likly to support theviews of their landed elite
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there were just under 100 political unions how many were in the north and the midlands?
1/3 in the North + 1/3 in the Midlans
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why did Henry Hunt reject the Reform bill passed by the Whigs?
He supported universal suffrage and found the Whigs proposal unrepresentative
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How many people did the BPU attract?
100,000 to meetings but up to 200,000 during the days of May
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What happened in Nottingham during the October Riots?`
Nottingham castle was burned - home of the Duke of Newcastle, Ultra Tory and Anti reformer
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With wellingtons attempt to form a government triggering the Days of May what occured?
1. Anti Tory petitions - 2. Political Union leaders meet - 3. Francis Place "middle classes to withdraw your deposits from banks = fiscal crisis" - 4. Tax strike - 5. civil disobedience threatened - 6. Protest march to London from Midland towns
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What evidence is there to suggest no threat of revolution?
No attempt to collect arms +
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For how many days in October did protesters control Bristol?
3 - before it was recaptured by troops and killed 12 radicals injuring over 100
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

who was the typical voter?

Back

A member of the landed elite

Card 3

Front

Which pocket borough had 1 voter?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

In pocket boroughs what was controled by the land owner?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who voted in corporation boroughs?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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