The Government Involvement.

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  • Created by: cieran_10
  • Created on: 17-05-18 21:47
What three people and events made the UK government realise that there was a link between poverty and ill health? (3.)
Booth, Rowntree and the Boer War.
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What government and what party chancellor realised that it had to take action for public health in England?
The Liberal Government and the chancellor, David Lloyd George.
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When were free school meals introduced and how were these funded?
in 1906 and these were funded by council taxes.
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In what year did school children start to get free medical inspections?
In 1907.
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When were Old Age Pensions introduced and who were these for?
In 1908 for people aged over 70.
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What was the first ever welfare scheme to be payed for by poll tax?
Old age pensions.
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When were labour exchanges established?
In 1909.
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When was the National Insurance Act passed?
In 1911.
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What did the National Insurance Act introduce for workers?
Health insurance.
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What three people would contribute to a central fund for sick pay or a doctor for workers under the National Insurance Act?
Workers, employers and the government.
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What did 20th century health reforms shows that the government was doing?
Changing their attitudes.
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Who was William Beveridge? (2.)
An economist and social reformer.
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In what year was the Beveridge report published?
In 1942.
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Quote what Beveridge said about social security?
That it should be provided 'from cradle to grave.'
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What were the five giants in the Beveridge report?
Want, disease, ignorance, squalor and idleness.
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Why were the five giants important?
As they were what people should have the right to.
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When was the Labour Party elected and what did they say that they would do?
In 1945 and they said that they would implement the Beveridge Report.
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When was the second National Insurance Act passed?
In 1946.
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Name four types of people that the second National Insurance Act supported if they could not work?
Sick people, pregnant women, unemployed people and old age pensioners.
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What was the foundation of the Welfare State?
The second National Insurance Act.
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In what year did the labour government implement the NHS, which was Beveridge's last proposal?
In 1948.
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Who was the Health Minister that negotiated the NHS?
Aneurin Bevan.
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What did the government do to hospitals to form the NHS and who now controlled each one?
They nationalised hospitals and placed them under the control of the local authorities.
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What did the government impress doctors with when they were not impressed that they would then be working for the government?
A fixed rate for each patient they treated.
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What could doctors continued to do, even though they worked for the NHS?
See fee-paying patients.
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When did the Conservative government come into power after the creation of the NHS?
In 1951.
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Why could the Conservative government not abolish the NHS?
As it was popular with voters.
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What happened to the NHS over the years?
The quality of care it gives has been made better.
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What has urbanisation done to the air quality in Britain?
It has made it worse.
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What do machinery release into the air and give an example of one?
Harmful gases, such as: carbon dioxide.
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Name two breathing issues that have been linked to poor air quality.
Asthma and bronchitis.
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When did he smog appear in London?
In the winter of 1952.
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What caused the London smog? (2.)
A change in London weather conditions meant that the fumes from the coal (used to heat peoples homes) did not disperse properly.
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What did the Great Smog cause?
4000 deaths in London.
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What event lead to the government's actions to make British air cleaner?
The Great Smog.
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Whe was the first Clean Air Act introduced?
In 1956.
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What did the first Clean Air Act introduce?
Smokeless zones.
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What happened in smokeless zones?
Houses could only burn fuels that did not give off a lo of smoke.
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What did the first Clean Air Act mean for power stations?
That they had to be built outside of cities.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What government and what party chancellor realised that it had to take action for public health in England?

Back

The Liberal Government and the chancellor, David Lloyd George.

Card 3

Front

When were free school meals introduced and how were these funded?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

In what year did school children start to get free medical inspections?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When were Old Age Pensions introduced and who were these for?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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