The Functions of Cell Structures

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1. What is the cell wall made up of and how does it help the cell?

  • Chlorophyll keeps gases out.
  • Cellulose gives the cell extra strength.
  • Cell sap allows the cell to move as a whole.
  • Starch grains hold the cell together.
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2. Why do plants need chloroplasts?

  • To keep the cell wall clean.
  • For fertilsations.
  • For Photosynthesis.
  • For respiration.

3. What happens in the cytoplasm?

  • DNA is made.
  • This is where chemical reactions take place.
  • The cytoplasm allows gases to diffuse into the cell.
  • Fertilisation takes place.

4. What does a vacoule allow a cell to do?

  • Prroduce a clone
  • It allows water in and out of the cell without bursting it.
  • Replicate DNA
  • Gives more space to carry more chlorophyll.

5. BONUS: Which process are mitochondria responsible for and what is produced from this process?

  • Mitochondria are responsible for making it easier for minerals to pass across into cells - this produces gases.
  • Mitochondria are responsible for respiration - which produces energy.
  • Mitochondria are responsible for carrying messages in the form of electrical signals - this produces nerve cells.
  • Mitochondria are responsible for fertilisation - which produces cells.


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