The Final Solution

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When was the boycott of Jewish businesses and professional offices?
1st April 1933
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When was the Professional Civil Service Act?
7th April 1933
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When were laws passed allowing only Aryans to inherit farms?
29th September 1933
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When were the Nuremberg Laws passed?
15th September 1935
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When was Kristallnacht?
9-10th November 1938
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When was the beginning of the Euthanasia Programme in Germany?
October 1939
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By August 1941 how many had died as a result of the Euthanasia Programme?
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When was the Warsaw ghetto sealed off?
November 1940
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How many Jews were sealed in the Warsaw ghetto?
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When was the Auschwitz complex extended upon Himmler's orders?
1st March 1941
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When did Heydrich recieve orders from Goring based on Hitler's orders for 'The Final Solution of the Jewish Question'?
31st July 1941
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When was the Wannsee Conference in Berlin?
20th January 1942
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When did 'Operation Reinhart' begin?
16th March 1942
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When did the deportations to Auschwitz begin?
24th March 1942
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When did British and American governments receive information about the Final Solution?
8th August 1942
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When was the Lwow ghetto liquidated? and what was the pre-war Jewish population?
21st June 1942, 150,000
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Nuremberg Laws - explain The Reich Citizenship Law?
German Jews would henceforth be 'subjects' only, without any political or legal rights. Only 'Reich Citizens' - defined as those of Aryan blood - possessed political and civil rights
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Nuremberg Laws - explain The Law for the Protection of German Blood and Honour?
This law precisely defined 'Jew', 'Aryan' and 'Mischlinge'
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What did the Nuremberg Laws provide a basis for?
An 'Aryanized' legal system
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By the beginning of 1938 how many of Germany's Jews had left the country?
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Why was it difficult for Jews to emigrate pre-1939?
They were only able to take with them limited possessions and none of their assets (unless they emigrated to Palestine) and the Evian Conference of 1938 failed to persuade countries to open their doors
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Give an example of how Nazi discrimination brought about a renaissance of independent Jewish activities?
The Jewish Cultural Alliance provided employment for Jewish artists barred from general public performance
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Anchluss with Austria brought how many Jews into the German Reich?
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How many Jewish businesses and synagogues were destroyed on Kristallnacht?
7500 businesses, 300 synagogues burnt down
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When was emigration prohibited for Jews?
31st October 1941
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What did the Twenty-Five Point Programme specify on policy towards Jews?
That they should be excluded from all areas of German life, but not specifically exterminated
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Explain the concept of redemptive anti-Semitism
Resentment of the 'growing influence' of Jews combined with German national identity and traditional religious prejudice produced a unique form of anti-Semitism
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Which three social groups did not fit into the Volksgemeinschaft?
Biological opponents, 'asocials' and ideological opponents
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How many Jews were murdered in concentration camps?
3 million
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How many Jews were murdered in mobile gas vans?
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Overall, how many Jews were deliberately killed in one way or another by the Nazis and their allies?
at least 5.5M, probably 6M
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How did senior members of the Romanian regime justify the treatment of the Jews?
In terms of an Orthodox Christian crusade against unbelievers
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By Jan 1942 how many Jews had been murdered by Task Force A?
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Why was the extension of killings, by the Task Forces, to women children an important step in the development towards the Final Solution?
It marked the effective abandonment of the pretext, or in many cases belief, that Jews were being killed because they had organised resistance to the invading German forces
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How did the Nazi chain of command work (in terms of Jewish policy)?
Hitler set the overall parameters of action, Himmler interpreted them, and the SS officers on the ground used their initiative in deciding when and how to put them into effect
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What was one of Hitler's most important motives in the mass deportations of Jews to the east?
Security: in his memory of 1918 Jews had stabbed Germany in the back, he had been attempting by increasingly radical means to prevent this from recurring by driving them out of the country
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When was a decree issued by the Reich Ministry of Transport, banning German Jews from using dining cars in trains, going on excursion coaches or travelling on public transport at rush hour?
18th September 1941
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When was a law issued laying down the death penalty for virtually any offence committed by a Jew?
4th December 1941
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Why is it significant that under the Weimar, Party leaders became accustomed to evading legal responsibility by ensuring actions were not ordered with absolute clarity in detail?
Party members had in turn become accustomed to read more out of such a command than said in words
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What was significant about the many virulently antisemitic, broadcasted statements made Hitler from 1941 onwards?
They assisted to create a genocidal mentality in which Himmler in Berlin and his senior officers in the east competed to see how thoroughly and radically they could put Hitler's repeated threats into effect
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When did Himmler meet regional police chiefs and agree that a camp should be built at Belzec to serve as a base for the gas vans (a camp for killing people)?
13th October 1941
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Card 2


When was the Professional Civil Service Act?


7th April 1933

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When were laws passed allowing only Aryans to inherit farms?


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Card 4


When were the Nuremberg Laws passed?


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Card 5


When was Kristallnacht?


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