The Family; key terms

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Family
A group of people related to one another by ties of marriage, blood, adoption and cohabitation.
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Marxist (Family)
Believe that= capitalist societies= based on a conflict= two social classes= bourgeoisie and the working class.
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Feminist (Family)
See's families as having negative impacts on the lives of women. They argue many differences= are socially constructed.
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Functionalist (Family)
Nuclear family= key institution= society= number of essential factors= individuals, society a whole.
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Socilisation (Family)
The family is the main agent of primary socialisation. They are a child’s first social group. They act as a gatekeeper, introducing up to other agents of socialisation.
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Importance of Socilisation (Family)
Socialisation is essential in order to become a full member of society. The genes we inherit form our parent’s only give us the potential to become members of society.
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4 Methods of Socilisation (Family)
• Deliberate Instruction • Role Models • Positive and Negative Sanctions • Play
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Kamala and Amala (Feral Children)
Rescued from a wolf den. The acted like dogs, they snarled, crawled on all fours and had matted hair.
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Contempoary Functions of Family
• Emotional support • Economic support • Physical care • Reproduction
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Nuclear Family
A two generation family, consisting of parents and their dependent children.
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Traditional Extended family
A three generation family which family members have frequent face to face contact.
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Cohabitation
Living together as partners without being married.
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Conjugal Roles
The roles of husbands and wives.
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Serial Monogamy
When a person is married more than one time throughout their lifetime.
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Boomerang Family
When non-dependent childern return to live with parents.
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Lone-Parent Family
A mother or a father living withou a partner, and their dependent children.
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Blended Family
A famly in which one or both parents have been married or cohabited before, and have childeren. creating step relations
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Beanpole Family
A tall, narrow extended family ften containing 4-5 generations.
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Commune
A small community who share ownership of property and division of labour.
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Symmetrical Family (Willmott and Young 1973)
Where conjugal roles are becoming similar but not identical. Sometimes sociologists use the words 'shared', 'joint' or 'integrated' conjugal roles instead. Spread to other classes by the principle of stratified diffusion
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Symmetrical Family (Ann Oakley)
Said Will and Youg exaggerated how much symmetry there was. Oakley pointed out inequality is still there. Will and Young said they were changing.
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The Tripple Shift
Duncombe and Marsden (1995) said women had to do emotional work, house work and childcare, plus emotional work. Interviewed 40 white couples - not representaive.
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Lagged Adaption
Gershuny (1992) said men have started taking on a greater share of household tasks.
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Decision Making (Family)
Edgell (1980) Important decicions were made by men.
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Money Management (Family)
Traditionally men earned more money so their opion was valued more when making monatry decisions. Recent studies show more equality i decision making an money management.
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Dependent Child
Person living in household under 16 or between 16 – 18 in full time education.
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Monogamy
Being married to only one person at a time
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Polygamy
Haveing more than on husban/wife at a time.
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Domestic Division of Labour
How household tasks are divided between family members.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Believe that= capitalist societies= based on a conflict= two social classes= bourgeoisie and the working class.

Back

Marxist (Family)

Card 3

Front

See's families as having negative impacts on the lives of women. They argue many differences= are socially constructed.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Nuclear family= key institution= society= number of essential factors= individuals, society a whole.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The family is the main agent of primary socialisation. They are a child’s first social group. They act as a gatekeeper, introducing up to other agents of socialisation.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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