The endocrine system

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What do hormones do?
regulate activity in organs and cells in the body
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What does the hypothalamus send to the pituitary gland?
the releasing hormone
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The pituitary gland in turn secretes a stimulating hormone, what does this do?
The stimulating hormone that signals and targets a gland to release its own hormone
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When levels of the targeted hormone are high enough how does the body regulate it?
The hypothalamus shuts down the releasing hormone and the pituitary shuts down the stimulating hormone which stops signalling the target gland
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Why can't all cells be affected by all hormones?
because the target cells only carry receptors unique to certain hormones
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What causes dysfunctional body systems?
This can be caused by the poor timing of hormone: too much or to little can have detrimental effect - Cushings syndrome = high blood pressure + depression caused by a tumour in the pituitary gland
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Where are the adrenal glands located?
Above the kidneys
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Which part of the addrenal gland is needed for life?
The adrenal cortex
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WHat controls the pituitary gland?
The hypothalamus -receives sensory information
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What prevents hormone levels from rising to high?
When other endocrine glands produce their own hormones to regulate the ones that are released by the pituitary gland and hypothalamus
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What does the posterior part of the pituitary gland release?
It releases Oxycontin (tend and befriend + contracting of the utirus)
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which hormone does the antirior part of the Pitutary galnd release?
ACTH, LH, (men) and FSH (women)
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What does the Adreanl cortex release?
Cortisol (Anti inflammatory + cardiovascular functions) and Aldostterone (regulates blood pressure and volume)
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Ovaries release progesterone, what does this do?
Progesterone ins associated with heightened social cues
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What regulates the amount of testosterone produced?
The hypothalamus
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does the hypothalamus send to the pituitary gland?

Back

the releasing hormone

Card 3

Front

The pituitary gland in turn secretes a stimulating hormone, what does this do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When levels of the targeted hormone are high enough how does the body regulate it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why can't all cells be affected by all hormones?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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