The End of Stalin

  • Created by: LucyLaa
  • Created on: 24-05-18 17:27
When did Stalin die?
5th March 1953
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How did Stalin die?
Intracerebral hemorrhage (type of stroke)
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Why was his personal physician not able to attend him?
He was in prison due to the Doctor's Plot
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What was the public's response to Stalin's death?
Genuine outpouring of grief (and some negative views in countryside, but this was not expressed)
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Why did the public respond in this way?
Stalin was seen as 'Uncle Joe Stalin' who had been a Soviet Saviour during WW2 and represented stability and order.
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Why did his death cause problems in government?
No named successor
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Who emerged as leader?
Nikita Khrushchev
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Why was Beria executed?
Too much power and brutality. Beria and MVD were blamed by the July 1953 Secret Meeting of the Central Committee for having 'undue influence on the party'.
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What did Khrushchev do at the 20th Party Congress that shocked people?
He attacked the 'cult of personality' and criticised Stalinism e.g. cast doubt over executions of old Bolsheviks, criticised the role of the NKVD, blamed Stalin for the disasters of 1941, and read out Lenin's Testament.
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What happened at the 1961 22nd Party Congress?
Directly attacked Stalin; removed his body from the mausoleum and began de-Stalinisation
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Give an example of early de-Stalinisation
Gulag prisoners released; MVD brought under party control; control on literature relaxed slightly; consumer goods industries developed; prices paid for Kolkhoz grain increased
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What was High-Stalinism?
Personalised and Centralised control, cult of personality, stifling bureaucracy and use of terror. Also, cultural uniformity and propaganda.
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Was the period after the war High-Stalinism?
No. Stalin didn't control EVERYTHING and there was unrest in the Gulag.
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Give 3 reasons why Stalin's dictatorship took the form it did
Stalin's personality; Circumstances (Isolation); Economic reasons (Economic impasse by 1920s so had to use 'socialist offensive'); Nature of the Central Planning System (hierarchical); Russian History of Autocracy; Stalinism was inherent in Leninism
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What were the key issues at the beginning of Khrushchev's rule?
Centralised control; Legacy of repression; Industry; Agriculture; Foreign Policy
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How did Stalin die?

Back

Intracerebral hemorrhage (type of stroke)

Card 3

Front

Why was his personal physician not able to attend him?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the public's response to Stalin's death?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why did the public respond in this way?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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