The elements of Music

Melody
A sequence of single notes; the main, most prominent line or voice in a piece of music, the line that the listener follows most closely
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Rhythm
Notes of different durations are organised into patterns
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Harmony
Harmony is the succession of chords. Chords are two or more notes played together at the same time.
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Timbre
The quality of a sound, or the ‘colour’ of a sound and often refers to different instruments. However it also goes deeper, covering all the different sounds one instrument can create.
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Dynamics
Dynamics are the changes in volume. Changes can be immediate or gradual of time.
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Texture
Texture describes the relationship of lines, known as ‘voices’,within a piece. These lines form layers of sound.
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Beat
Beats are used as a way of counting time when playing a piece of music. Beats give music its regular rhythmic pattern.
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Meter
Beats are grouped together in a measure, the notes and rests correspond to a certain number of beats. The grouping of strong and weak beats is called meter.
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4/4 Meter
Also known as common time, this means there are 4 beats in a measure.When you add the beats of all the notes you come up with 4
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3/4 Meter
Used mostly in classical and waltz music, this means there are three beats in a measure.In 3/4 meter the accent is on the first beat.
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6/8 Meter
Mostly used in classical music, this means there are 6 beats in a measure.The accent is on the first and fourth beats
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Tempo
Tempo refers to the speed at which a piece of music is played
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Pitch
A sound based on the frequency of vibration and size of the vibrating objects The slower the vibration and the bigger the vibrating object, the lower the pitch will be and vice versa.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Notes of different durations are organised into patterns

Back

Rhythm

Card 3

Front

Harmony is the succession of chords. Chords are two or more notes played together at the same time.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The quality of a sound, or the ‘colour’ of a sound and often refers to different instruments. However it also goes deeper, covering all the different sounds one instrument can create.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Dynamics are the changes in volume. Changes can be immediate or gradual of time.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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