The Effects of WW1 on Germany

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How much value did the mark lose between 1913 and 1918?
75% of its original value.
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What financed the war?
Printing money and borrowing.
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What did this tactic lead to?
Inflation.
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How much of the war was paid for by taxation?
16%.
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What happened to agricultural production after the war? What effect did this have?
It fell. There was not enough food.
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Why did industry making a lot of money cause resentment within the working class?
A few people (elites) made a lot of money and became very rich.
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How many people were killed in world war 1?
2 million.
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How many people were wounded in ww1?
6.3 million.
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How much money was spent in the war?
£8394.
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What was the 1917 winter nicknamed? Why?
'Turnip winter'. It was the only food to eat.
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By how much did real earnings fall?
20-30%.
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By how much did meat consumption fall?
To 12% of pre-war level.
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What caused deaths?
Starvation and hypothermia.
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What were there shortages of?
Food and fuel.
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What is inflation?
How much the cost of things goes up by.
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What is a soviet?
A working council.
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Who was keen on war?
Ludendorff and Hindenburg (top military leaders).
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What did Ludendorff and Hindenburg realise in 1918?
Germany was going to lose the war.
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Who was the new government under?
Prince Max.
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What happened on November 9th 1918?
People gave up their jobs.
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What happened on November 11th 1918?
The new government surrendered.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What financed the war?

Back

Printing money and borrowing.

Card 3

Front

What did this tactic lead to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How much of the war was paid for by taxation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happened to agricultural production after the war? What effect did this have?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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