The effect of religion on medicine

  • Created by: lx1234
  • Created on: 05-04-18 11:57
Why would curing an illness be bad in medieval times?
God sent illness as a punishment or a test of faith, so curing an illness would challenge Gods will.
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Who wrote medieval texts?
Monks
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What was the most important form of treatment?
Prayer
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How many hospitals were set up in England between 1000 and 1500?
Over 700
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Why were the sick encouraged to visit shrines?
Miraculous healings, saints will cure their illness if they bring relics of a holy person and pray.
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Who funded hospitals?
Churches or wealthy patrons.
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Why was Rodger Bacon arrested?
He suggested doctors should do original research and not trust old books, the church didn't like it.
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What did hospitals concentrate on?
Caring for the sick and not curing.
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What did most hospitals have instead of doctors?
Priests
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What was the importance of Baghdad?
Became the centre for translations of Greek manuscripts into Arabic.
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What did Al-Rashid do?
Set up a major new hospital in Bagdhad with a medical school and library
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What was "The House of Wisdom"?
The worlds largest library and a study centre for scholars, set up by Caliph al-Mamum
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Who preserved hundreds of ancient Greek medical books by Hippocrates and Galen?
Caliph al-Mamum
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Why were doctors inspired to find cures for diseases in Islamic religion?
Prophet Muhammad said, "For every disease, Allah has given a cure"
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What were two new drugs that Islamic scientists founded?
Senna (Laxative) and Naphtha (Flammable liquid)
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How did the Islamic Empire respond to mental illness?
Treat the patients with compassion
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What were Muslim hospitals called and what were they meant for?
Bimaristans, meant for treating patients, not just caring for them.
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Why was Islamic Doctor Rhazes so important?
Distiniguished measles from smallpox, wrote over 150 books, followed Galens theories but was critical, wrote a book called "Doubts about Galen"
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Why was Islamic Doctor Avicenna so important?
Wrote an encyclopaedia of ancient Greek and Islamic medicine called "The Canon of Medicine" which listed the medical properties of 760 drugs and discussed eating disorders, (Anorexia and Obesity), Taught students in the west until 17th century
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Why was Islamic Doctor Ibn al-Nafis so important?
Concluded Galen was wrong about how the heart worked.
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Why was Ibn al-Nafis not able to prove Galen was wrong about the way the heart worked?
Islam did not allow human dissection and his books were not read in the west, so Europeans continued to accept Galens mistake until 17th century.
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When did Islamic medical knowledge arrive in Italy?
1065
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How did Islamic medial ideas reach England?
Through trade, merchants brought new equiptment, drugs and books.
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Where were the best places to study medicine thanks to Islamic medical knowledge?
Universities in Padua and Bologna.
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Card 2

Front

Who wrote medieval texts?

Back

Monks

Card 3

Front

What was the most important form of treatment?

Back

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Card 4

Front

How many hospitals were set up in England between 1000 and 1500?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why were the sick encouraged to visit shrines?

Back

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