The Dissolution of Relationships

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Who created the first model of dissolution?
Rollie and Duck
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What is this?
Relationship dissolution follows a basic 5 step pattern after the person becomes unhappy about the way the relationship is going
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What is the first stage?
Intrapsychic phase
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What is this?
People reflect and brood on the deficiencies of their relationship, perhaps in terms of costs and benefits
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What will there be little outward show of?
dissatisfaction, there may even be a determination to 'put things right'
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What is the second phase?
Dyadic phase
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What happens in the dyadic phase?
The person decides that the problems need airing and confront the other person in the relationships.
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What does this stage include?
An argument, with both sides unwilling to take responsiblity for the problem.
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What will there be some of?
consideration about how a relationship ccan be 'put on track, at this point the relationship can be saved
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What is the next stage?
Social
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What happens in this stage?
The dispute spills over into social networks of family and friends. This can be both good and bad
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What are these networks used for?
support if we split up but they can speed up the decision for final break down with revelations about either partner
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What is the next stage?
Grave-Dressing phase
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What is involved in this phase?
They will attempt to justify the role they played in the break down in order to portray them in a light that makes them still appear loyal and trustworthy to new partners
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What is the last stage?
Reurrection
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What is involved in this stage?
Each partner prepares themselves for new relationships by redefining themselves and building on past experiences
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What study is this model from?
Tashiro and Frazier
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What did they look at?
real relationship dissolution and found that the undergraduates surveyed felt they were able to put their previous relationships to rest through the process of grave dressing
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What does this suggest?
Rollie and Ducks' model is supported by observations of real life break ups
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What could one argue that the information in relationship research is?
weak in internal validity
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Why?
people might lie to avoid embarrassment
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Therefore why is evidence weakened?
research does not paint a true picture of real relationship dissolution
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One weakness of the explainations and research studies, provided into relationship dissolution is that they?
do not take account of individual differences
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for example?
Ducks model cant really explain why relationships breakdown just the basic processes
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What did Duck later describe?
Precipitating factors under 3 headings
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What are these three factors?
a lack of social skills, a lack of stimulation in the relationship and difficulties in maintaining relationships
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What study supported this?
Boekhout et al (1999)
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What did he suggest?
extramartial affairs could also cause dissolution.
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despite additional research, what can't explanations of dissolution be?
generalized to all people, as every person has a different experience/reason for breaking up
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What other research was there?
Lee
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What sequence did they came up?
Seuqence of Separation
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What was this based on?
a survey of 112 romantic break ups
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What did she discover?
There are five stages, Dissatisfaction, exposing the dissatisfaction, Negotiating, attmepting resolution of the problem and then termination
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What did she find about stages E and N?
They were the most intense and exhausting parts of this process and that not all couples went through all five stages
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What happened to the couples who went D to T?
reported having less intimate with their partner even when the relationship was going well
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What happened for the journey when D to T?
it was long and drawn out they reported feeling more attraction for their former partner and the greatest loneliness following the break up
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What is a strength of some research into relationship dissolution?
often has population validity
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What are the sample sizes?
the sample sizes in this are large in comparison to other areas of psychological study and so they are likely to be more representative of a total population
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What does it suggest?
results of such research into relationship breakdown can be generalised
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Who looked at friendship dissolution>
Argyle and Henderson
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What led to dissolution?
jealousy, lack of tolerence for third party relations and disclosing confidence
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Relationship dissolution follows a basic 5 step pattern after the person becomes unhappy about the way the relationship is going

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What will there be little outward show of?

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