Bridging the Development Gap- Key terms and definitions

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Blurred levels of development
Continuum
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Index of development
HDI (Human Development Index)
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UN report measuring economic, social and political factors
Happiness Index
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Cost adjusted GDP
PPP (purchasing power parity)
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Traditional North South line
The Brandt line (1981)
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High GDP & Low development Country
Saudi Arabia
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High development & Low GDP Country
Cuba
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Last Stage of the Rostow model
Mass Consumption
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5 Sections of development cable
Economic, Social, Political, Environmental, Demographical.
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Things get worse and worse
Poverty Cycle
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Things get better and better
Cumulative Causation
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Survival of the fittest
Social Darwinism
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"All property is theft"
Karl Marx
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Anti development dependancy Pyramid
Frank's Dependancy Model
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Movements in Myrdal's Cumulative Causation Model (1957)
Swash and Backwash effects
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Mackinders Explanation for British Dominance
Heartland Theory (1904)
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IMF and World Bank Debt Cancellation Scheme (1996)
HIPC (Heavily Indebted Poor Countries)
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Debt Crisis Decade
1970s - Due to the Arab - Israeli war and subsequent rises in oil prices
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Below the Sahara
SSA (Sub Sahara African)
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Nickname for oil wealth leant out
Petro-dollars
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IMF conditions on repayment
SAP (Structural Adjustment Plan)
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Large New Indian TNC
Tata
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State owned TNC
Sinopec / Gazprom
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TNC from LEDC investing in MEDC
Counter Colonial activity
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TNC impacting the Niger Delta
Shell
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NIC- Newly industrialised country (Capital: seoul)
South Korea
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RIC- Recently industrialised country (Capital Saigon)
Vietnam
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Oxfam, Unicef, Chiristian Aid, Water Aid
NGO's (Non Governmental Organisations)
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Globalisation Company Measure. E.g Volvo
Trans National Index
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Trade Block
European Union & Nafta
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De Beers Host nation
Botswana
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New rising trade flow
South-South
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Ghana Fair Trade Co-op
Kuappa Koko #papapa
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Raw Materials Market
Commodity Trading
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Indian Social Group
Caste system - (Dalits-Untouchables)
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South African Race Policy
Apartheid (1948-1994)
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Squatter Economy
Informal economy
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Capital of Bangladesh
Dhaka
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Equality Measure
GDI (Gender Development index)
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Dodgy Government Practices
Corruption / Graft
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Health / Pollution Urban Issues
Brown Agenda
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Collapsed Factory in Bangladesh
Rana Plaza
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Urban Free trade area
SEZ (Special Economic Zones) / EPZ (Export Processing Zones)
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Bottom up Slum rebuild
Self help
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Payments from migrants
Remittances
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Developed Indian State
Kerala (South West India) :Communist
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Poor India state
Bihar (North East India)
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Loss of Skills for periphery
Brain Drain -due to out migration
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Resource Use Score
Ecological footprint
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Modern Capitalist approach
Neoliberal -pro private economy. e.g Margaret Thatcher
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Supporting people approach
Populist Approach -pro what the people want. e.g Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe
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Western Approach
Eurocentric / Americanised
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Types of Aid
Multilateral & Bilateral
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Government Aid
ODA (Official development Aid) part of DFID (Department for International Development)
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% of aid GDP target
0.7% -Scandinavia and GB reach this target
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Locally lead aid
Bottom up
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Investment from abroad
FDI (Foreign direct investment)
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Trade Interventions
Sanctions / Tariffs
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Tourism in LEDC example
Nepal
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Measure of ICT penetration
DAI (digital access index)
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Missing out technology stages
Technological leapfrogging
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Acting like an Empire power
Neocolonialism
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Country with high Chinese FDI
Zambia
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Number of millennium development goals
8
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Card 2

Front

HDI (Human Development Index)

Back

Index of development

Card 3

Front

Happiness Index

Back

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Card 4

Front

PPP (purchasing power parity)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The Brandt line (1981)

Back

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