The Design Argument

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  • Created by: ElizaJack
  • Created on: 11-02-16 23:30
How does Kant describe the design argument?
"It is the oldest, the clearest and most accordant with the common reason of mankind."
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What is one early form of the design argument?
Aquinas's Fifth Way in the 13th century.
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Give a quote.
"they achieve their end not fortuitously, but designedly."
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What is one feature of a watch?
Interaction
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How can Payley's leap to God be described?
Inductive.
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How did Swinburne defend the argument?
"The analogy of animals to complex machines seems to me correct"
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How does design appeal to human nature?
The assumption that all things are explicable.
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Give some of Payley's pre-emptive arguments.
It may go wrong (evil), some parts may appear superfluous.
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In what book does Hume critique the design argument?
Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion 1779
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Give a quote from Ford about beauty.
"Beauty is the lost thought of theology."
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What does Archbishop Temple say?
"The doctrine of evolution leaves the argument for an intelligent Creator and Governor of the earth stronger than it was before"
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Why is it unsubstantiated to call this God?
It is a non sequitur. Mackie called it "gratuitous".
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Give a quote from Darwin
"unnecessary" Swinburne disagreed.
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Give a quote from Dawkins.
"a blind watchmaker"
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What is one conclusion.
There is reason it is given great reverence.
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Summarise Tennant's aesthetic argument.
There is more to life than mere existence e.g art, music and literature. Cannot have come about through natural selection.
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What does Swinburne say about science?
"it cannot explain the highest level laws of all"
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What does Peacocke cite as a shortcoming of evolution?
Does not explain why the world exists.
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What is Kant's synthesis of empiricism and rationalism?
Perceive order.
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What does Freud add?
Humans are afraid of disorder and project a father figure onto the world.
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What is an example of the anthropic principle given by physicist Krauss?
Gravitational force.
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What is the difference between strong and weak anthropomorphic principle?
Strong means the conditions required for life are intrinsic to the nature of the universe. Life was inevitable. Weak means the conditions required for life in the universe happen to have occurred.
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Give interpretations.
Weak is merely an observation, strong is based on flawed logic.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is one early form of the design argument?

Back

Aquinas's Fifth Way in the 13th century.

Card 3

Front

Give a quote.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is one feature of a watch?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How can Payley's leap to God be described?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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