The Democratic Experiment 1919-1929

What were the main features of the Weimar constitution?
A president elected every seven years, proportional representation, universal suffrage over the age of 20, article 48
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What was article 48?
Allowed the president to bypass the Reichstag in an emergency
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What were the weaknesses of the constitution?
Proportion representation led to minority's parties, extremist parties did not support it, the president could a use his power, distribution of power led to slow progress
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What was the legacy of WW1?
Weimar was always linked to the 'November criminals', the signing of the treaty. The stab in the back myth was perpetrated against the govt
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What was the public's view of democracy?
There was not a great love for democracy, in 1920 pro-Weimar parties only got 45% of the vote
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What was the problem with the old regime?
It persited. The elites sometimes undermined democracy, for example Hitler only served nine months of a five year sentance thanks to the military elites.
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When was the Spartacist uprising?
1919
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What was the Spartacist uprising?
An attempted communist revolution, which invoked three days of bitter street fighting before being stopped by the army and the Freikorps
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When was the Bavarian socialist republic declared?
1919
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What happened during the Bavarian socialist uprising?
Bavaria declared itself a communist state, but the first government collapsed in four days. A second govt came, but before any reforms could be issued, the Freikorps beat them down
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When was the Kapp Putsch?
1920
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What was the Kapp Putsch?
Kapp and followers angry at the Freikrops being disbanded, sized control of Berlin. Ebert organised a general strike and the country was paralysed. Kappa govt fled after four days
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When was the Munich Bier Hall Putsch?
1923
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What was the Munich Bier Hall Putsch?
Hitler occupied a bier hall calling for a national revolution, with Hindenburg's support. However some elites the Hilter was counting on told the police and Hilter was jailed. He served only nine months of a five year sentance.
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When was hyperinflation?
1923
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What were the long term causes of hyperinflation?
German has extreme war debts; 84% of the war bill had been borrowed. They had spent far too much for far too long.
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What were the medium term causes of hyperinflation?
Reparations crippled Germany as they had to be paid in hard currency. Welfare costs were high, they had less industrial land
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What were the shirt term causes of hyperinflation?
The French occupied the Ruhr as Germany was behind in reparations. The Gemrnas practiced passive resistance and the economy was paralysed
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What did Ebert do to help Germany?
He called for a general strike souring the Kapp putsch, he used article 48 to control situations
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What did Stresemann do to help Germany?
He called of passive resistance, he negotiated the Dawes and Young plans, securing an American loan and prolonging reparations time limits, he negotiated a new currnecy
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What were positive developments in politics in the golden years?
There were more stable governments, Müllers grand coalition, 76% supported pro-Weimar parities, the nazis only got 2.6% of the vote in 1928
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What were negative developments in politics in the golden years?
Parties still unwilling to work together, seven governments in the years 1923 - 1929, a quarter of the populations still supported extremist parties
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What were the positive economic developments in the golden years?
By 1928, production equaled that of 1913, national income was 12% higher than 1913, wages rose every year between 1924 and 1930
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What were the negative economic developments in the golden years?
There was an agricultural recession from 1927, unemployment never fell below 1.3 million, heavily dependant on the USA
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What was the Dawes Plan?
Secured and American investment for Germany to help pay for reparations
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What was the Young Plan?
Increased the time limit for reparations to 59 years and made yearly payments less
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When was Germany admitted into the League of Nations?
1926
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When did the Ruhr crisis end?
1925
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What was culture like in the golden years?
More liberal, women and gay people had better lives. Some people say decadent
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was article 48?

Back

Allowed the president to bypass the Reichstag in an emergency

Card 3

Front

What were the weaknesses of the constitution?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the legacy of WW1?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the public's view of democracy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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