The Cold War: Topic 1

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  • Created by: its_amy
  • Created on: 14-12-15 16:37
State 1 key feature of a cold war.
No direct fighting - indirect fighting.
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What were the two ideologies?
Communism (SU) and Capitalism (USA)
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Which countries made up the Grand Alliance?
America (USA), Britain (GB) and Russia/Soviet Union (USSR/SU)
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Who was their common enemy during the war?
Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany
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What were the 3 wartime conferences (in chronological order)?
Tehran Conference, Yalta Conference, Potsdam Conference
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State 2 things they agreed on at any of the conferences.
They agreed to divide Germany into four sections - France, Russia, America and Britain - and to divide Berlin in the same way. They also agreed to open a second Western Front in 1944 (agreed at Tehran).
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State one source of tension at any of the conferences.
When they disagreed about how much reparations Germany should pay - SU wanted them to pay lots so they would be weak = not able to invade Russia AGAIN, however GB and USA relised that this was what started WW2 so they thought it wasn't a good idea.
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State another source of tension at any of the conferences.
Another source of tension was that before Potsdam America had tested their first atmoic bomb successfully, but they hadn't told Russia first = tension at Potsdam.
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Who were the Super Powers who emerged after the war?
America and Russia.
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State 3 ways in which Stalin gained control over Europe.
Stalin used fear, which made countries easier to take over. He arrested non-communist leaders (eg: he invited Polish leaders to Moscow and arrested them). He abolished the Monarchy.
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Name two countries in Eastern Europe in the 1940s +
Czechoslovakia and Poland.
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What are 3 key terms to describe Eastern Europe in the 1940s +?
Buffer Zone, Puppet Government, Russia's sphere of influence.
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A civil war in what country prompted the Truman Doctorine?
Greece.
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What was the purpose of the Truman Doctrine?
To stop communism from spreading - containment of communism.
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Why were the Americans so fearful of poverty in Europe?
Because they thought that if poverty was in Europe then the poor countries would turn to communism for help.
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When was the Marshall Plan?
1947
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How much money did it commit to the "shattered economies" in Europe?
13 billion US dollars
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In order to counter the Marshall Aid, what did Stalin set up?
Comecon
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At the Wartime conferences, Germany and Berlin were split into 4 zones, what were they?
America, France, Russia and Britain.
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What was the name given to the occupation zones which the USA, GB and France joined up?
Trizonia or West Germany.
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When was the Berlin Blockade?
1948-49.
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What organisation was set up by the West as an effect of the Berlin Blockade?
NATO - North Atlantic Treaty Organisation.
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Who replaced Stalin as the leader of the SU?
Khruschev.
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What policy spurred the Hungarian people on to rebel?
They rebelled because they didn't like the secret police, the ban of religion or the lack of freedom that were still present in Hungry despite their hopes that these would change because of de-stalinisation.
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Who replaced Rakosi as leader of Hungry?
Imre Nagy.
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State one reform Nagy requested.
To not have Soviet tanks in Hungary.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What were the two ideologies?

Back

Communism (SU) and Capitalism (USA)

Card 3

Front

Which countries made up the Grand Alliance?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who was their common enemy during the war?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the 3 wartime conferences (in chronological order)?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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