The Cold War- Cuban missile crisis

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Cuban Missile crisis
the bay of pigs- President Kennedy supplied arms, equipment and transport for 1400 anti castro exiles to invade Cuba and overthrow Castro.
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what happened next?
In April 1961, 1400 exiles landed at the bay of pigs. However, Castro had found out that they were coming and the exiles were met by 20,000 cuban troops armed with modern weapons. All the exiles were either captured or killed.
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After the invasion failed, how did Kennedy deal with the crisis?
1. Naval blockade around cuba, 2. stopped all inports and exports from cuba, 3. he stopped buying sugar from cuba.
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What options did Kennedy have?
Kennedy had 5 options, 1. Surgical air attack, 2. Do nothing, 3. Invasion, 4. Naval Blockade, 5. Give in to diplomatic pressure from the Doves and the Hawks.
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Explain why Kennedy chose the blockade and diplomatic pressure.
20th October 1962- Kennedy ordered a naval blockade around cuba to prevent soviet missiles arriving in cuba. Also he was pressured into doing certain things by the doves (anti-war) and the hawks (war).
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Background to the crisis
Cuba is a large island that is 90 miles away from Florida. It had been an American ally. America owned most of the businesses on Cuba and had a huge naval base there. Kennedy supported Batista and supplied them with economic and military support.
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How was the missile crisis solved?
Naval Blockade - a ban on the soviet union to stop all import and exports to and from Cuba and stop their ships. A Hotline- between the Kremlin and The White House. The test ban treaty on 25th July 1963
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MAD
Mutually Assured Destruction 1965- neither side wanted to cause a nuclear war so both sides negotiated instead.
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Test Ban Treaty
July 1963- ban weapon testing in space, sea or above ground.
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Hotline
June 1963- Hotline established a direct communication link between the kremlin and the white house.
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Card 2

Front

what happened next?

Back

In April 1961, 1400 exiles landed at the bay of pigs. However, Castro had found out that they were coming and the exiles were met by 20,000 cuban troops armed with modern weapons. All the exiles were either captured or killed.

Card 3

Front

After the invasion failed, how did Kennedy deal with the crisis?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What options did Kennedy have?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Explain why Kennedy chose the blockade and diplomatic pressure.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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