The Cold War

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Who were the "big three" allied leaders?
Winston Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin
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What were they planning to do at the Yalta Conference in February 1945?
They planned what they wanted to happen after the war.
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Who was Churchill replaced by?
Labour's Clement Attlee
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When did Germany surrender?
May 1945
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In August 1945, what did the USA drop on Japan?
Two atom bombs and it destroyed the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Thousands were killed. Japan surrendered immediately after this
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What year did the USSR explode their own A-bomb?
1949
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The USA developed another powerful bomb. What was it?
A hydrogen bomb
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Why was the Cold War called the "Cold War"?
Because there wasn't any direct fighting. Both sides tried to gain the upper hand with alliances and plans
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What was President Truman worried about?
That other countries might also fall into communism
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What were the two main ways Truman tried to stop communism?
The Marshall Plan and The Truman Doctrine
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What was the Marshall Plan?
It was the promise of American aid to European countries to help rebuild their economies
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What was the Truman Doctrine?
The USA would support any nation threatened by a communist takeover
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What was the zone called when Britain and France decided to combine their zones?
Bizonia
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What was the Berlin Airlift?
It was the only way of obtaining supplies to from the outside world to Berlin because Stalin ordered that all land communication to be cut off. Between June 1948 and May 1949, the only way of obtaining supplies was by air.
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How many tons of supplies were being flown into West Berlin each day?
8,000 tons
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in 1949, what did the Western Powers form?
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation)
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What was the name of the ruthless and corrupt military dictator that ruled Cuba?
Batista
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What did Castro do to get rid of American influence?
He shut down the gambling casinos and brothels. He also nationalised American-owned sugar mills
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In 1962, what did the U-2 spy planes detect in Cuba?
Soviet missiles
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What did President Kennedy order?
A naval blockade of Cuba.
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What was the Domino Theory?
It is the theory that when you knock over the first domino in a line, the rest will fall down too. The USA thought the same of communism. If one court became communist, then all the others near it would become communist too.
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Card 2

Front

They planned what they wanted to happen after the war.

Back

What were they planning to do at the Yalta Conference in February 1945?

Card 3

Front

Labour's Clement Attlee

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

May 1945

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Two atom bombs and it destroyed the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Thousands were killed. Japan surrendered immediately after this

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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