The Cold War

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What was discussed at Yalta (February 1945)?
USSR would fight against Japan when the European war ends, Soviet 'sphere of influence', establishment of the UN, all countries would be freed of Nazi rule, Germany and Berlin split into 4, Stalin would not interfere with Greece or Turkey.
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What was discussed at Potsdam (July-August 1945)?
reparations were discussed and agreed but no agreement was made on the amount, Truman refused to let USSR interfere with Japan (threat of the Red Scare), Stalin would not agree to Europe having free and fair elections (which was Truman's demand).
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What happened to Poland through Soviet Expansion in 1947?
rigged the elections so the communists won and many Poles fled in fear.
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What happened to Czechoslovakia through Soviet Expansion in 1946?
anyone who was not communist was arrested by the Red Army, rigged elections so communists won.
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What happened to Bulgaria through Soviet Expansion in 1944 and then 1946?
1944 - government turned communist. 1946 - monarchy was abolished, leaving Stalin in total control.
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What happened to Romania through Soviet Expansion in 1947?
King was forced to appoint a communist Prime Minister. Later, monarchy was abolished.
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What happened to Yugoslavia through Soviet Expansion in 1948?
Marshal Tito wanted to apply communism in his own way so Stalin expelled him from cominform.
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What speech did Churchill make in Missouri, 1946?
The Iron Curtain Speech.
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What did Churchill's Iron Curtain speech imply?
Europe was being divided into two separate halves by Soviet policies; the West were free, democratic states whereas the East were being held captive by communism.
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How did Stalin respond to Churchill's Iron Curtain speech?
he made a speech of his own in 1946, making Churchill out to be the enemy.
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Why did Stalin want control of Eastern Europe?
for honour and security, for the future safety of the USSR (buffer zone), for proof of their victory, to spread communism, seek revenge on Germany.
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What were Salami tactics?
coalition governments, forced opponents out of office through bribery and threats, made other parties illegal, rigged elections.
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What was the Truman Doctrine?
The political plan in which the USA would help any nation threatened by communism.
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What was Marshall Aid?
This was the economical action in which America would aid European countries to help rebuild their economies.
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What two countries led to the formation of the TD and MA and why?
Greece and Turkey, as UK said that they couldn't protect them anymore because of a lack of funds.
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What was Stalin's reaction to Truman Doctrine and Marshall Aid?
He set up Cominform to co-ordinate the policies of all the Soviet satellite states.
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What was Comecon?
To co-ordinate the economies of the Soviet satellite states - Stalin forbid all of the satellite states from accepting Marshall Aid.
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Who owned West Germany and what was it also known as?
America, France and Britain and it was named trizonia.
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Who was in control of East Germany?
USSR
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What were the long term causes of the Berlin Blockade?
tensions at Yalta and Potsdam, formation of Truman Doctrine, Marshall Aid, Comecon and Cominform.
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What were the short term causes of the Berlin Blockade?
the formation of trizonia, the introduction of the Deutschmark.
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When did Stalin stop all access to Berlin?
24th June 1948.
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What was 'Operation Vittles'?
When America airlifted supplies to West Berlin to combat the Berlin Blockade.
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When was the Berlin Blockade lifted?
11th May 1949 at midnight.
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What is NATO and when was it formed?
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation formed by the Western powers in 1949.
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What was Stalin's reaction to NATO?
formed the Warsaw Pact in 1955 which was a military treaty to combat NATO.
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What did Stalin do in 1961 to stop East Berliners from fleeing to the West?
he banned them from doing so and construction began of the Berlin Wall.
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What were the three key influences that altered suspicion between 1955 and 1962?
the arm's race, the Korean war, red scare and McCarthyism.
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What was the Arm's Race?
it was a competition between the USA and the USSR; they both wanted to improve their military to make them better and more powerful than the other.
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How did the Korean War affect suspicion between America and the Soviet Union?
North Korea was communist and the USSR and China supported them, whereas South Korea were non-communist and America backed them.
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What was the Red Scare and McCarthyism?
US agents were made to spy on immigrants to see if they supported communism, and would then arrest them if they were found to be communist. Suspicion in America reached a point where hysteria was occuring and it was named 'the Red Scare'.
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What are the reasons for blaming the Soviet Union for the Cold War?
formation of Comecon and Cominform, Berlin blockade, development of the atomic bomb in 1949, Soviet expansion and the Soviet 'sphere of influence'.
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What are the reasons for blaming the USA for the Cold War?
Truman was more suspicious and less trusting than Roosevelt, Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan, NATO.
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Card 2

Front

What was discussed at Potsdam (July-August 1945)?

Back

reparations were discussed and agreed but no agreement was made on the amount, Truman refused to let USSR interfere with Japan (threat of the Red Scare), Stalin would not agree to Europe having free and fair elections (which was Truman's demand).

Card 3

Front

What happened to Poland through Soviet Expansion in 1947?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What happened to Czechoslovakia through Soviet Expansion in 1946?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happened to Bulgaria through Soviet Expansion in 1944 and then 1946?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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