the cognitive approach to treating depression

  • Created by: IvyVega
  • Created on: 31-05-18 13:46
Beck: patient and therapist work together
patient and therapist: work together to clarify the patients problems, identify where there might be negative or irrational thoughts that will benefit from challenge.
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challenging negative thoughts relating to negative triad
the aim is to identify negative thoughts about the self, the world and the future. these thoughts must be challenged by the patient taking an active role in their treatment
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the patient as scientist
patients are encouraged to test the reality of their irrational beliefs. they might be set homework. this is referred to as the patient as scientist. in future sessions if patients say that no-one is nice to them, the therapist will prove them wrong.
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Ellis's rational emotive behaviour therapy
REBT extends the ABC model to an ABCDE model: D for dispute irrational beliefs, E for effect.
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challenging irrational beliefs
a patient might talk about how unlucky they have been or how unfair life is. an REBT therapist would identify this as utopianism and challenge and challenge it as an irrational belief. empirical argument, logical argument.
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behavioural activiation
as individuals become depressed, they tend to increasingly avoid difficult situations and become isolated, which maintains or worsens symptoms. the goal of treatment is to work with depressed individuals to gradually decrease their avoidance.
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limitation 1- not work for the most severe cases of depression
patients cannot motivate themselves to take on the hard cognitive work required for CBT. cannot be used as the sole treatment for all cases of depression.
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limitation 2- some patients really want to explore their past
one of the basic principles of CBT is that the focus of the therapy is on the patient's present and future. the present focus may ignore important aspects of the depressed patients experience.
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Card 2

Front

the aim is to identify negative thoughts about the self, the world and the future. these thoughts must be challenged by the patient taking an active role in their treatment

Back

challenging negative thoughts relating to negative triad

Card 3

Front

patients are encouraged to test the reality of their irrational beliefs. they might be set homework. this is referred to as the patient as scientist. in future sessions if patients say that no-one is nice to them, the therapist will prove them wrong.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

REBT extends the ABC model to an ABCDE model: D for dispute irrational beliefs, E for effect.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a patient might talk about how unlucky they have been or how unfair life is. an REBT therapist would identify this as utopianism and challenge and challenge it as an irrational belief. empirical argument, logical argument.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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