the cognitive approach to explaining depression

  • Created by: IvyVega
  • Created on: 31-05-18 13:26
faulty information processing
Beck suggested that some people are more prone to depression because of faulty information processing. when depressed people attend to the negative aspects of a situation and ignore positives, they also tend to blow small problems out of proportion.
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depressed people have negative self-schemas
a schema is a package of ideas and information developed through experience. we use schemas to interpret the world, so if a person has a negative self-schema they interpret all information about themselves in a negative way.
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the negative triad
negative views of the world, negative view of the future, negative view of the self.
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A- activating event
Ellis suggested that depression arises from irrational thoughts. according to Ellis depression occurs when we experience negative events.
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B- Beliefs
negative events trigger irrational beliefs. ellis called the belief that we must always succeed Musterbation. i-cant-stand-it-itis is the belief that it is a disaster when things do not go smoothly. utopianism- the belief the world must be fair.
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C- consequences
when an activating event triggers irrational beliefs there are emotional and behavioural consequences.
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strength 1- practical application as a therapy- Becks cognitive theory of depression
forms the basis of cognitive behaviour therapy. this means a patient can test whether the elements of the negative triad are true. it translates well into a successful therapy.
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limitation 1- partial explanation of depression- Ellis's ABC model
psychologists call this reactive depression and see it as different from the kind of depression that arises without an obvious cause. only applies to some kinds of depression
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Card 2

Front

a schema is a package of ideas and information developed through experience. we use schemas to interpret the world, so if a person has a negative self-schema they interpret all information about themselves in a negative way.

Back

depressed people have negative self-schemas

Card 3

Front

negative views of the world, negative view of the future, negative view of the self.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Ellis suggested that depression arises from irrational thoughts. according to Ellis depression occurs when we experience negative events.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

negative events trigger irrational beliefs. ellis called the belief that we must always succeed Musterbation. i-cant-stand-it-itis is the belief that it is a disaster when things do not go smoothly. utopianism- the belief the world must be fair.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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