The Church and Henry VIII

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What is an annulment?
The end of an illegal marriage.
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Give three reasons why Henry wanted to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon?
Desire for power, decreasing political value of current marriage, need to increase own revenue
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What Bible passage did Henry use to justify the annulment?
Leviticus
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How did Catherine of Aragon respond?
Opposition - wanted to protect daughter + believed that Henry's mind was being poisoned by advisers incl. Wolsey
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Give three reasons why Henry failed to secure an annulment.
Lack of diplomacy in asking the Pope, the Pope's own lack of freedom, Eng.'s unestablished links w/ Cardinals
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When was the Sack of Rome?
1527
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Why was the sack of Rome important for the annulment?
The Pope was effectively Charles V's prisoner and so couldn't make a decision
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When did the legatine court presiding over the annulment open?
18th June 1528
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When did Wolsey begin drawing up plans for the dissolution of the monasteries with more than six inmates?
1528
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Name two historians that argued people were content with Catholicism in Tudor England?
Haigh and Duffy
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When did Henry's marriage concerns begin to be actively discussed?
1527
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When did Pope Clement agree to send Cardinal Campeggio to England to hear the divorce case?
1528
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When was Wolsey stripped of his offices?
1529
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When did Wosley die?
1530
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When was More's Utopia published?
1516
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Parliament encouraged to voice anti-clerical feelings; Cromwell collected evidence of abuses
1530
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Oxbridge scholars sent to European universities to find support for divorce
1530
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When were the upper clergy charged with praemnunire?
1530
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Cromwell introduces Supplication Against the Ordinaries
1531
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When was the Act Against Annates passed?
1532
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When was the Act for the Submission of the Clergy passed?
1532
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Act in Restraint of Appeals
1533
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When was the Act of Supremacy and the Treasons Act passed?
1534
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Why can it be argued that the Act of Supremacy had a lesser impact on Tudor England?
Medieval Popes had little involvement in day-to-day religious affairs
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Valor Ecclesiasticus produced
1535
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Act for Dissolution of Smaller Monasteries passed
1536
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Ten Articles passed; three sacraments, ambig. Eucharist
1536
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First set of royal injunctions issued
1536; restrictions on holy days, discouragement of pilgrimages
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Pilgramage of Grace
1536
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How many men were part of the Pilgramage of Grace?
40,000
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Second set of royal injunctions issued
1538; condemned relics and images
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Act for Dissolution of Larger Monasteries passed
1539
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Six Articles Act reasserted Catholic doctrine
1539
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Six Articles Act
1539; reasserted Catholic doctrines, e.g transubstantiation
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Give two other effects of the dissolution of the monasteries.
Less education, money gained for crown (10% national income)
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First edition of the Great Bible
1539
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Act for the Advancement of True Religion
1543; restricted reading Bible to upper-class males
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Card 2

Front

Give three reasons why Henry wanted to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon?

Back

Desire for power, decreasing political value of current marriage, need to increase own revenue

Card 3

Front

What Bible passage did Henry use to justify the annulment?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How did Catherine of Aragon respond?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give three reasons why Henry failed to secure an annulment.

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Preview of the front of card 5
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