The Cell Lecture 2

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  • Created by: saraht83
  • Created on: 01-05-16 15:37
Glycolysis
occurs in every living cell and produces ATP
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Eukaryotes
have plasma membrane, cytoplasm, ribosomes, membrane-bound nucleus, organelles and a cytoskeleton
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Nucleus
largest organelle in the cell, contains DNA, replication of DNA + first steps in decoding for protein production.
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Rough endoplasmic reticulum
studded with ribosomes, segregates newly synthesized proteins and transports them to other areas, proteins can be chemically modified.
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Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
chemical modification of small molecules, site of glycogen hydrolysis + synthesis of lipids and steroids.
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Ribosomes
float freely in prokaryotic cell cytoplasm, in eukaryotic cells are found free, attached to ER, or inside mitochondria + chloroplasts, site of protein synthesis.
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Golgi apparatus
flattened membrenous sacs (cisternas), receives proteins + may further modify them, concentrates, packages + sorts proteins, synthesis of polysaccharides
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Lysosomes
vesicles containing digestive enzymes, breakdown of food and foreign material, digestion of spent cellular components occurs, autophagy
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Mitochondria
have own independent genome, energy stored in carbohydrates and fatty food converted into ATP by ATP synthase
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Plastids
organelles found only in plants + some protists
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Chloroplasts
found in some cells (plants and protists), site of photosynthesis
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Vacuoles
storage, structure, reproduction, digestion
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

have plasma membrane, cytoplasm, ribosomes, membrane-bound nucleus, organelles and a cytoskeleton

Back

Eukaryotes

Card 3

Front

largest organelle in the cell, contains DNA, replication of DNA + first steps in decoding for protein production.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

studded with ribosomes, segregates newly synthesized proteins and transports them to other areas, proteins can be chemically modified.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

chemical modification of small molecules, site of glycogen hydrolysis + synthesis of lipids and steroids.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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