The Brain

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Cortex
Outermost layer of cells
1 of 7
Basal Ganglia
Cluster of structures in the centre of the brain; coordination centre of the brain
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Meninges
Protective covering the brain. (1) Dura Mata: Very tough surface covering layer. (2) Arachnoid: In-between blood vessels (3) Pia Mater
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Glial Cells Pt 1
(1) Astrocytes: Protect neurons by filtering nutrients out of the blood and preventing chemicals and pathogens from leaving the capillaries of the brain. (2) Oligodendrocytes: Wraps the axons of neurons in the brain to produce myelin
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Glial Cells Pt 2
(3) Microglia:Act like white blood cells by altering and destroying pathogens that invade the brain. (4) Ependymal Cells: Line the capillaries and filter blood plasma to produce cerebrospinal fluid
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Gray Matter
Mainly unmyelinated neurons. Areas of nerve connections and processing
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White Matter
Mostly myelinated that connect grey matter. 'Information Highway'
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Cluster of structures in the centre of the brain; coordination centre of the brain

Back

Basal Ganglia

Card 3

Front

Protective covering the brain. (1) Dura Mata: Very tough surface covering layer. (2) Arachnoid: In-between blood vessels (3) Pia Mater

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

(1) Astrocytes: Protect neurons by filtering nutrients out of the blood and preventing chemicals and pathogens from leaving the capillaries of the brain. (2) Oligodendrocytes: Wraps the axons of neurons in the brain to produce myelin

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

(3) Microglia:Act like white blood cells by altering and destroying pathogens that invade the brain. (4) Ependymal Cells: Line the capillaries and filter blood plasma to produce cerebrospinal fluid

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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